Pediatric trauma refers to a traumatic injury that happens to an infant, child or adolescent. Trauma is the leading cause of death in infants in children in the United States. In the US approximatively 16,000,000 children go to an emergency department due to some form of injury every year. Male children are more frequently injured then female children by a ratio of two to one.
Because children are not fully developed they have anatomic differences that put them at higher risk to have a traumatic injury. An important part of managing trauma in children is weight estimation. A number of methods to estimate weight exist including the: Broselow tape, Leffler formula, and Theron formula.
- Ed Dickinson; Dan Limmer; O'Keefe, Michael F.; Grant, Harvey D.; Bob Murray (2008). Emergency Care (11th Edition). Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice Hall. pp. 848-52. ISBN 0-13-500524-8.
- Andrew B., MD Peitzman; Andrew B. Peitzman; Michael, MD Sabom; Donald M., MD Yearly; Timothy C., MD Fabian (2002). The Trauma Manual. Hagerstwon, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 446-60. ISBN 0-7817-2641-7.
- So TY, Farrington E, Absher RK (June 2009). "Evaluation of the accuracy of different methods used to estimate weights in the pediatric population". Pediatrics 123 (6): e1045–51. doi:10.1542/peds.2008-1968. PMID 19482737.