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Most common forms of pediatric trauma

Pediatric trauma refers to a traumatic injury that happens to an infant, child or adolescent. Trauma is the leading cause of death in infants in children in the United States.[1] In the US approximatively 16,000,000 children go to an emergency department due to some form of injury every year.[2] Male children are more frequently injured then female children by a ratio of two to one.[2]

Because children are not fully developed they have anatomic differences that put them at higher risk to have a traumatic injury.[1] An important part of managing trauma in children is weight estimation. A number of methods to estimate weight exist including the: Broselow tape, Leffler formula, and Theron formula.[3]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Ed Dickinson; Dan Limmer; O'Keefe, Michael F.; Grant, Harvey D.; Bob Murray (2008). Emergency Care (11th Edition). Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice Hall. pp. 848-52. ISBN 0-13-500524-8.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Andrew B., MD Peitzman; Andrew B. Peitzman; Michael, MD Sabom; Donald M., MD Yearly; Timothy C., MD Fabian (2002). The Trauma Manual. Hagerstwon, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. pp. 446-60. ISBN 0-7817-2641-7.
  3. So TY, Farrington E, Absher RK (June 2009). "Evaluation of the accuracy of different methods used to estimate weights in the pediatric population". Pediatrics 123 (6): e1045–51. doi:10.1542/peds.2008-1968. PMID 19482737.
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