As the name indicates TPQ seeks to measure three dimensions (traits) of the personality. These personality traits are novelty seeking, harm avoidance and reward dependence. Each have four subscales. There are 100 true-false questions which form the basis for the computation of the traits.
|Novelty seeking||Low dopaminergic activity|
|Harm avoidance||High serotonergic activity|
|Reward dependence||Low noradrenergic activity|
Cloninger suggested that the three dimensions, novel seeking, harm avoidance and reward dependence, was correlated with low basal dopaminergic activity, high serotonergic activity, and low basal noradrenergic activity, respectively. Much research has gone into examining these links, e.g., with personality genetics.
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- Wei J. Chen, Hsing-Me Chen, Chwen-Cheng Chen, Chiao-Chicy Chen, Wu-Yang Yu & Andrew T. A. Cheng (March-April 2002). "Cloninger's Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire: psychometric properties and construct validity in Taiwanese adults". Comprehensive Psychiatry 43 (2): 158–156. doi:10.1053/comp.2002.30797. PMID 11893995.
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- Weyers P et al. Pers. Ind. Diff 1995 19:853:861.
- C. R. Cloninger (Autumn 1986). "A unified biosocial theory of personality and its role in the development of anxiety states". Psychiatric Developments 4 (3): 167–166. PMID 3809156.