Symbolic Racism is a form of racism involving a belief that a minority group (for example African-Americans) are deserving of the problems or issues they might face due to the fact that they are lazy or simply do not attempt to resolve their issues. This form of racism is quite distinct from Old Racism (Jim Crow style) and aversive racism .
- Sears, D. O., & Henry, P. J. (2005). Over thirty years later: A contemporary look at symbolic racism and its critics. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. 37, 95-150