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Swedish Universities Scales of Personality (SSP) is a personality test based on the older Karolinska Scales of Personality (KSP).[1] It is originally in Swedish but has been translated to English. The personality profile is presented in t-score (mean 50 and standard deviation 10). Both the SSP questionnaire and the scoring algorithm is free of charge.

Personality dimensions

SSP includes 91 items and yields 13 personality scales:

  • Somatic trait anxiety
  • Psychic trait anxiety
  • Stress susceptibility
  • Lack of ascertiveness
  • Impulsiveness
  • Adventure Seeking
  • Detachment
  • Social Desirability
  • Embitterment
  • Trait Irritability
  • Mistrust
  • Verbal trait aggression
  • Physical trait aggression


  1. J. P. Gustavsson, H. Bergman, G. Edman, L. Ekselius, L. von Knorring & J. Linder (September 2000). "Swedish universities Scales of Personality (SSP): construction, internal consistency and normative data". Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 102 (3): 217–215. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0447.2000.102003217.x. PMID 11008858.

See also

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