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Suicidal ideation
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 R45.8
ICD-9 V62.84

Suicidal ideation is a common medical term for thoughts about suicide, which may be as detailed as a formulated plan, without the suicidal act itself. Although most people who undergo suicidal ideation do not commit suicide, some go on to make suicide attempts.[1] The range of suicidal ideation varies greatly from fleeting to detailed planning, role playing and unsuccessful attempts, which may be deliberately constructed to fail or be discovered, or may be fully intended to succeed.

In a study conducted in Finland, 22% of the suicides examined had discussed suicidal intent with a health care professional in their last office visit.[2]

Risk factors

Psychiatric disorders

Life events

Past history

Prescription drug side effects

  • Various prescription drugs can have suicidal ideation as a side effect, such as SSRI medications.[citation needed]

Symptoms of suicidal ideation


  1. Gliatto, Michael F.; Rai, Anil K. (March 1999). "Evaluation and Treatment of Patients with Suicidal Ideation". American Family Physician 59 (6). Retrieved 2007-01-08.
  2. Halgin, Richard P.; Susan Whitbourne (2006). Abnormal psychology : clinical perspectives on psychological disorders. Boston : McGraw-Hill. pp. 267–272. ISBN 0-07-322872-9.
  • Beck, AT; Steer, RA; Kovacs, M; Garrison, B (1985). "Hopelessness and eventual suicide: a 10-year prospective study of patients hospitalized with suicidal ideation". Am J Psychiatry 142 (5): 559–563.
  • Uncapher, H (2000-2001). "Cognitive biases and suicidal ideation in elderly psychiatric inpatients". Omega 42 (1): 21–36.
  • Uncapher, H; Gallagher-Thompson, D; Osgood, NJ (1998). "Hopelessness and suicidal ideation in older adults". The Gerontologist 38 (1): 62–70. PMID 9499654.

External links

Template:Bipolar disorder Template:Cognition, perception, emotional state and behaviour symptoms and signs


fr:Idée suicidaire hy:Սուիցիդալ մտքեր lt:Savižudybės planavimas pl:Myśli samobójcze pt:Idealização suicida

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