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Social undermining is the opposite of social support. For example, in the context of the workplace, it refers to intentional offenses aimed at destroying another's favorable reputation, their ability to accomplish their work, or their ability to build and maintain positive relationships.[1]

See also


  1. Duffy, Michelle K.; Ganster, Daniel C.; Pagon, Milan (April 2002). "Social Undermining in the Workplace". The Academy of Management Journal 45 (2): 331–51. doi:10.2307/3069350.

Further reading

Academic articles
  • Cranford, James A. (2004). "Stress-buffering or stress-exacerbation? Social support and social undermining as moderators of the relationship between perceived stress and depressive symptoms among married people". Personal Relationships 11 (1): 23–40. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6811.2004.00069.x. PMC 1557676. PMID 16946802.
  • Dunn, Jennifer R.; Schweitzer, Maurice E. (2006). Green and Mean: Envy and Social Undermining in Organizations. 8. pp. 177–97. doi:10.1016/S1534-0856(06)08009-1.
  • Creed, Peter A.; Moore, Kelli (2006). "Social Support, Social Undermining, and Coping in Underemployed and Unemployed Persons". Journal of Applied Social Psychology 36: 321–39. doi:10.1111/j.0021-9029.2006.00010.x.
  • Crossley, C (2009). "Emotional and behavioral reactions to social undermining: A closer look at perceived offender motives". Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 108: 14–24. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2008.06.001.
  • Duffy, M; Ganster, D; Shaw, J; Johnson, J; Pagon, M (2006). "The social context of undermining behavior at work". Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes 101: 105–26. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2006.04.005.
  • Duffy, Michelle K.; Shaw, Jason D.; Scott, Kristin L.; Tepper, Bennett J. (2006). "The moderating roles of self-esteem and neuroticism in the relationship between group and individual undermining behavior". Journal of Applied Psychology 91 (5): 1066–77. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.91.5.1066. PMID 16953768.
  • Finch, John F.; Okun, Morris A.; Pool, Gregory J.; Ruehlman, Linda S. (1999). "A Comparison of the Influence of Conflictual and Supportive Social Interactions on Psychological Distress". Journal of Personality 67 (4): 581–621. doi:10.1111/1467-6494.00066. PMID 10444852.
  • Finch, John F. (1998). "Social Undermining, Support Satisfaction, and Affect: A Domain-Specific Lagged Effects Model". Journal of Personality 66: 315–34. doi:10.1111/1467-6494.00014.
  • Gant, LM; Nagda, BA; Brabson, HV; Jayaratne, S; Chess, WA; Singh, A (1993). "Effects of social support and undermining on African American workers' perceptions of coworker and supervisor relationships and psychological well-being". Social work 38 (2): 158–64. PMID 8480245.
  • Benyamini, Yael; Medalion, Benjamin; Garfinkel, Doron (2007). "Patient and spouse perceptions of the patient's heart disease and their associations with received and provided social support and undermining". Psychology & Health 22: 765–85. doi:10.1080/14768320601070639.
  • Hershcovis, M. Sandy (2010). "'Incivility, social undermining, bullying… oh my!': A call to reconcile constructs within workplace aggression research". Journal of Organizational Behavior: n/a. doi:10.1002/job.689.
  • McCaskill, J. W.; Lakey, B. (2000). "Perceived Support, Social Undermining, and Emotion: Idiosyncratic and Shared Perspectives of Adolescents and their Families". Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 26: 820–32. doi:10.1177/0146167200269007.
  • Oetzel, J; Duran, B; Jiang, Y; Lucero, J (2007). "Social support and social undermining as correlates for alcohol, drug, and mental disorders in American Indian women presenting for primary care at an Indian Health Service hospital". Journal of health communication 12 (2): 187–206. doi:10.1080/10810730601152771. PMID 17365359.
  • Pettit, Nathan C. (2010). "Get Off My Back! The Impact of Status Distance and Status Change on Social Undermining". IACM 23rd Annual Conference Paper.
  • Singh AK, Jayaratne S, Siefert K, Chess WA (1995). "Emotional support and social undermining as predictors of well-being". Indian Journal of Social Work 56 (3): 349–60.
  • Stanforth, Dixie; Mackert, Michael (2009). "Social Undermining of Healthy Eating and Exercise Behaviors". ACSM'S Health & Fitness Journal 13 (3): 14–9. doi:10.1249/FIT.0b013e3181a1b79a (inactive 2010-10-17).
  • Vinokur, Amiram D.; Van Ryn, Michelle (1993). "Social support and undermining in close relationships: Their independent effects on the mental health of unemployed persons". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 65: 350–59. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.65.2.350.
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