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Template:Prose Professional abusers:[1]

  • take advantage of their client or patient's trust
  • exploit their vulnerability
  • do not act in their best interests
  • fail to keep professional boundaries

Abuse may be:

Professional abuse always involves:

Professionals can abuse in three ways:[2]

  • nonfeasance - ignore and take no indicated action - neglect.
  • misfeasance - take inappropriate action or give intentionally incorrect advice.
  • malfeasance - hostile, aggressive action taken to injure the client's interests.

Further reading


  • Dorpat TL Gaslighting, the Double Whammy, Interrogation and Other Methods of Covert Control in Psychotherapy and Analysis (1996)
  • Penfold, PS Sexual Abuse by Health Professionals: A Personal Search for Meaning and Healing (1998)
  • Peterson MR At Personal Risk: Boundary Violations in Professional-Client Relationships (1992)
  • Richardson S Cunningham M Broken Boundaries - stories of betrayal in relationships of care (2008)
  • Sheehan MJ Eliminating professional abuse by managers - Chapter 12 of Bullying: from backyard to boardroom (1996)

Academic papers

See also


External links

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