The Pink Chaddi Campaign (Pink Underwear Campaign) is a nonviolent protest movement launched in India in February 2009 in response to notable incidences of violent conservative and right-wing activism against perceived violations of Indian culture, when a group of women were attacked in a pub in Mangalore. The campaign was conceived particularly in protest against a threat by Pramod Muthalik of the Sri Ram Sena (also spelled as Sri Ram Sene and Sriram Sena), an orthodox Hindu group based in Mangalore. Mr.Muthalik threatened to marry off and take other action on any young couples found together on Valentine's Day.
On February 6, 2009 in an incident of moral policing a group of men who claimed to belong to Shri Ram Sena attacked a group of women in Mangalore, India. Later that month Muthalik, announced an action plan to target couples found dating on February 14, Valentine’s Day. He said "Our activists will go around with a priest, a turmeric stub and a mangalsutra on February 14. If we come across couples being together in public and expressing their love, we will take them to the nearest temple and conduct their marriage.
After widespread outrage over his speech, the Bangalore and Mangalore police stepped up protection in public places and local hangouts, despite which there was an attack by the Sri Ram Sena on five women in a pub in Mangalore. Two women patrons were hospitalized in a critical condition. Of 40 perpetrators, only three have been arrested so far.
Pink Chaddi campaign
In the midst of the tension, a protest was started by four young women, called the "Pink Chaddi" campaign, where they urged a peaceful protest (described as Gandhian in the press) to all of India, by sending pink underwear ("Chaddi" in Hindi) to Muthalik’s office on Valentine’s day. The novel form of protest was initiated by Nisha Susan, Jasmine Patheja, Mihira Sood and Isha Manchanda. As the protest grew, underwear started pouring in from locations all over India in solidarity for the "Love Sena". Over 500 pink chaddis were couriered on Friday. Other cities collected hundreds of such chaddis and decided to courier them directly. There has been a tentative truce established as Pramod Muthalik has expressed an inclination for a dialogue to resolve this issue.
Reaction to the Campaign
The Pink Chaddi Campaign received widespread media coverage, and the Facebook  group saw numbers of members growing exponentially in the following days. A few reports were also critical of the campaign accusing it of trivializing an important issue like attack on women.
There was also political reaction to the campaign as supporters of RSS objected to use of pictures of RSS members on the campaign blog. RSS had criticized the Mangalore attack and favoured ban on Sri Ram Sene. The blog owner removed the pictures of RSS members following this objection.
A counter-campaign calling itself "The Pink Condom Campaign" was started by some unknown activists a few days before Valentine's Day.
As an additional precaution, Muthalik and 140 others of the Sri Ram Sena were held in preventive custody on Valentine’s Eve.
Facebook Group Defaced
Shortly after the campaign took off, the campaign's Facebook group began to be attacked by trolls and was eventually broken into. Attackers renamed the group and included racist slurs and death threats in its description. The attacks continued despite appeals to Facebook's support department for help, and eventually Facebook disabled the account of the group's administrator and access to the group. The group has decided to avoid Facebook in future.
- Bangalore Bureau (Friday, Feb 06, 2009). "We’ll not spare dating couples on Valentine’s Day: Muthalik". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2009/02/06/stories/2009020657590100.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-27.
- "Shri Ram Sena Activists assault 5 Girls in Mangalore Pub, Amnesia". Breaking News Online. Sunday, January 25, 2009. http://www.breakingnewsonline.net/2009/01/shri-ram-sena-activists-assault-5-girls.html. Retrieved 2009-02-27.
- "Sri Ram Sene is a threat to the country: Chidambaram". The Economic Times (The India Times). 9 Feb 2009. http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/News/PoliticsNation/Sri_Ram_Sene_is_a_threat_to_the_country_Chidambaram/articleshow/4099436.cms. Retrieved 2009-02-27.
- Herald Correspondent (February 22, 2009). "Muthalik wants to start Ram Sene in Goa". Goa Herald. http://oheraldo.in/pagedetails.asp?nid=17631&cid=2. Retrieved 2009-02-27.[dead link]
- Vishal, Anoothi (Friday, Feb 27, 2009). "Yes, we can?". Business Standard. http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/yes-we-can/00/03/348953/. Retrieved 2009-02-27.
BBC News: "Underwear protest at India attack"". http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/7880377.stm BBC News:.
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- "Pink chaddis still keep coming in". Cities: Bangalore (The Times of India). 2009-02-13. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Bangalore/Pink_chaddis_still_keep_coming_in_/articleshow/4121276.cms. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- 'Pink Panty' Women Target Extremist Right Wing Indian Leader Fox News - February 10, 2009
- "Facebook group". http://www.facebook.com/people/Pink-Chaddi/633271350.
- Roundup of comments from various blogs in English and Hindi Mishra, Gaurav (2009-02-26). "Hindi Blogosphere’s Reactions to the Pink Chaddi Campaign Show the Divide Between Bharat and India". Gaurav Mishra’s Weblog on Social Media & Social Change. http://www.gauravonomics.com/blog/hindi-blogospheres-reactions-to-the-pink-chaddi-campaign-show-the-divide-between-bharat-and-india/. Retrieved 2009-05-30.
- "Pink Chaddi Blog". http://thepinkchaddicampaign.blogspot.com/2009/02/logo-show-go.html.
- "The pink condom folks portray themselves as “ordinary Hindus, who don’t bark on television to defend their faith, but get hurt when some people bark against it.” They are anonymous and started this campaign to counter the perception the RSS was behind the Mangalore incident. " "Chaddi, condom war approaches V-Day". Story (The Indian Express). 2009-02-13. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/chaddi-condom-war-approaches-vday/422817. Retrieved 2009-05-30.
- "Police crackdown: Muthalik, 140 others held ahead of Valentine's Day". The Times of India. 2009-02-14. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Muthalik-140-others-held-ahead-of-Valentines-Day/articleshow/4125413.cms. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
http://kafila.org/2009/04/12/arise-awake-the-people-who-run-facebook/ Arise, awake, the people who run Facebook
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- Staff Reporter (2009-04-14). "Moral police hack Pink Chaddi on Net". Online edition (The Hindu). http://www.hindu.com/2009/04/14/stories/2009041459890400.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- The Pink Panties Campaign: The Indian Women's Sexual Revolution. by Rita Banerji in Intersections: Gender and Sexuality in Asia and the Pacific Issue 23, January 2010
- Consortium of Pub-going, loose and forward women
- News coverage of Pink Chaddi Campaign