|Mohammed Reza Taheri-azar SUV attack|
File:2008-07-21 The Pit.jpg|
The Pit, where the attack occurred
|Location||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States|
Template:Start date |
Around 12:00pm (UTC-5)
|Attack type||Vehicular assault|
|Perpetrator||Mohammed Reza Taheri-azar|
In March 2006, Mohammed Reza Taheri-azar, an Iranian-born American citizen, confessed to intentionally hitting people with a sport utility vehicle on the campus of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill to "avenge the deaths of Muslims worldwide" and to "punish" the United States government. While no one was killed in the attack, nine people were injured (none seriously).
Shortly after the attack, he turned himself in and was arrested. He pled guilty to nine counts of attempted first-degree murder, and in 2008 was sentenced to 33 years in prison.
On the afternoon of March 3, 2006, Taheri-azar drove a rented silver 2006 Jeep Grand Cherokee through a common courtyard area of campus known as the Pit, a highly trafficked area centered between the student bookstore, student center, dining hall, and libraries. It is a popular gathering spot, filled not only with students going to and from class but also with participants in various student organization-related activities. While not readily accessible to vehicular traffic beyond a narrow service road, the barricades that normally prevent cars from approaching the Pit were not in place on the day of the attack.
His top speed was estimated by witnesses to be from 40 to 45 mph. He struck nine pedestrians, six of whom were taken to the hospital for treatment and released. The other three declined to be treated.
After the attack
After the incident, Taheri-azar drove to Plant Road, a nearby city street, and called 911 to turn himself in to authorities. He calmly confessed to perpetrating the attack. He told the dispatcher his location and requested that he be arrested. He told the dispatcher that the reasons for his actions were outlined in a letter which he left on his bed in his Carrboro apartment. Taheri-azar then gave himself up upon the arrival of police at the scene. Later that afternoon, officials evacuated the apartment complex where Taheri-azar lived, then stormed the unit while media helicopters circled overhead. Along with the letter described in the 911 call, officials found his UNC diploma folded in his closet, along with the Carolina blue graduation gown used just three months before.
On March 6, 2006, when he appeared in an Orange County courtroom, he stated that he would defend himself, and that he looked forward to the opportunity of sharing the law of Allah. He was charged with nine counts of attempted first-degree murder and nine counts of assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill inflicting serious bodily injury before being held in Central Prison in Raleigh on a $5.5 million bond. On May 3, 2006, a grand jury indicted him on nine counts of attempted first degree murder, four counts of assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill, and five counts of assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill inflicting serious injury. The case will go to superior court next, for either a trial or a plea. Early on, the FBI was involved in the investigation, but the exact involvement was unknown.
Although Taheri-azar was born in Tehran, the capital of Iran, he is a naturalized U.S. citizen who moved to the United States at the age of two. He grew up in the Charlotte, North Carolina area, where he lived with his mother and younger and older sisters. He attended South Mecklenburg High School in Charlotte, where he was a socially-awkward honor student who graduated in 2001. He had a proclivity for fast and expensive cars, and the South Mecklenburg High School yearbook dubbed him the "South's Speedster." He received four tickets between 2001 and 2003 for "unnecessary honking, driving down the middle of two lanes of traffic, and failure to obey directions at a police checkpoint," and for "traveling at Template:Convert/mi/h in a Template:Convert/mi/h zone."
He enrolled in the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 2001, where he majored in psychology and philosophy. At one point he dropped out, but returned the following semester. In college, he volunteered at local hospitals. He graduated from UNC in December 2005. Some of those who knew him there described him as "a serious student, shy but friendly," and "kind and gentle, rather than aggressive and violent". A student who had been in the same history of philosophy class said he was "impressed" with Taheri-azar's "knowledge of classical Western thought." He was serious about his grades, and served briefly as the president of the UNC psychology club. However, not all of those who knew him had the same opinion. UNC Chancellor James Moeser described him as "totally a loner, introverted, and into himself".
Fellow Muslims characterized Taheri-azar as "cantankerous and unorthodox in his practice of Islam" and "anything but traditionally devout." During prayers on campus he "wouldn't pray toward Mecca and refused to recite prayers in Arabic – contrary to standard Islamic practice." One Muslim student, Atif Mohiuddin, recalled Taheri-azar as being "anti-Arabic" and never using the standard Arabic greeting of "Assalaamu Alaikum".
In the days following the incident, a debate arose, on the UNC campus and elsewhere, as to whether or not the incident should be classified as an act of terrorism by the university and the media.
Local Muslim leaders condemned the attack and the attempt by the assailant to link the Qur'an to his actions.
While UNC Chancellor James Moeser described Taheri-azar's attack as one of violence in an internal email to the university community, he stopped short of calling it a full-fledged act of terror. An official "Reclaim the Pit" event occurred on March 20, 2006, where students gathered for a moment of silence.
|40x40px||Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Mohammed Reza Taheri-azar SUV attack|
- "Pit pandemonium". Chapel Hill, NC: The Daily Tar Heel. March 6, 2006. http://media.www.dailytarheel.com/media/storage/paper885/news/2006/03/06/University/Pit-Pandemonium-1655850.shtml. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
- "Taheri-azar heads to prison for Pit attack". Raleigh, NC: The News & Observer. March 6, 2006. http://www.newsobserver.com/news/crime_safety/story/1194179.html. Retrieved August 26, 2008.[dead link]
- Schuster, Henry (May 25, 2006). "What is terrorism?". Special Report: Tracking Terror (Atlanta, GA: CNN.com). http://www.cnn.com/2006/US/05/25/schuster.column/index.html. Retrieved May 12, 2008.
- "Driver charged after SUV plows through crowd". U.S. News: Crime and Courts (New York, NY: MSNBC.com). March 5, 2006. http://msnbc.msn.com/id/11660817/. Retrieved May 12, 2008.
- Franks, Dana; Wallace, Kamal (March 4, 2006). "FBI Joins Investigation Of UNC Hit-And-Run". Local News (Raleigh, NC: WRAL.com). http://www.wral.com/news/local/story/1091476/. Retrieved May 12, 2008.
- "Grand jury indicts UNC Pit attacker". Durham, NC: The Herald-Sun. May 3, 2006. http://www.herald-sun.com/orange/10-730374.html. Retrieved May 3, 2006.[dead link]
- "More Developments in Taheri-azar Investigation". Eyewitness News (Charlotte, NC: WTVD.com). March 14, 2006. http://abclocal.go.com/wtvd/story?section=triangle&id=3978509. Retrieved May 12, 2008.
- Rocha, Jessica; Khanna, Samiha; Stancill, Jane (March 7, 2006). "Suspect says he meant to kill". Local and State (Raleigh, NC: The News & Observer). Archived from the original on May 2, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080502132128/http://www.newsobserver.com/102/story/415421.html. Retrieved May 12, 2008.
- Stancill, Jane; Rocha, Jessica (March 16, 2006). "Taheri-azar expects life in prison". Local and State (Raleigh, NC: The News & Observer). Archived from the original on December 15, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20061215144011/http://www.newsobserver.com/102/story/418666.html. Retrieved May 12, 2008.
- Fausset, Richard (March 7, 2006). "SUV Attack Prompts Debate Over "Terrorism" and Islam" (Archived version). The Nation (Los Angeles, CA: Los Angeles Times). http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/998468231.html?dids=998468231:998468231&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Mar+7%2C+2006&author=Richard+Fausset&pub=Los+Angeles+Times&edition=&startpage=A.8&desc=THE+NATION%3B+SUV+Attack+Prompts+Debate+Over+%60Terrorism%27+and+Islam. Retrieved March 7, 2006.
- "UNC Professor: Taheri-azar "Wasn't Shy About Expressing Opinions"". Local News (Raleigh, NC: WRAL.com). March 5, 2006. http://www.wral.com/news/local/story/155161/. Retrieved May 12, 2008.
- Stancill, Jane (March 10, 2006). "Moeser will not label SUV attack". Local and State (Raleigh, NC: The News & Observer). Archived from the original on May 2, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080502132134/http://www.newsobserver.com/102/story/416597.html. Retrieved May 12, 2008.
- "Muslims deny Quran supports Taheri-azar". Raleigh, NC: The News & Observer. March 16, 2006. Archived from the original on May 8, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060508154356/http://www.newsobserver.com/102/story/418467.html. Retrieved September 21, 2008.