In the revolutionary year 1848, many of Prague's bourgeoisie decided to flee the city. Many of them chose the train. In those times, this was only one railway line that connected Prague with Česká Třebová, Olomouc and Wien, and Běchovice was (then) the first station beyond Prague.
Because of its location, General Windischgraetz chose Běchovice as a main center of searches for rebels. Windischgraetz and his army searched each train, but they were not able to find any guns or rebels. Soon after the 6 a.m., a train arrived full of students fleeing from Prague. It is not known what exactly happened. There was probably a minor skirmish between one of the passengers and some soldiers, but it grew to a massacre. Hussars attacked the train and slaughtered everyone on sight. Everyone was ordered to stay on the train, but the hussars pulled people out and killed them. Some of passengers, mainly women and children, fled to the nearby train station building although it was under heavy fire.
The exact number of those killed is not known, but there were over 100 heavily wounded passengers.