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This is a list of events for which one of the commonly accepted names includes the word "massacre". Massacre is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as "the indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of people or (less commonly) animals; carnage, butchery, slaughter in numbers". It also states that the term is used "in the names of certain massacres of history".[1] The first recorded use in English of the word massacre in the name of an event is "Marlowe (c1600) (title) The massacre at Paris",[1] (a reference to the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre). Massacre can also be used as a verb, as "To kill (people or, less commonly, animals) in numbers, esp. brutally and indiscriminately".[2] The first usage of which was "1588 J. PENRY Viewe Publ. Wants Wales 65 Men which make no conscience for gaine sake, to breake the law of the æternall, and massaker soules..are dangerous subjects",[2] and this usage is not recorded in this list.

Massacre is also used figuratively and idiomatically for events that do not involve any deaths, such as the Saturday Night Massacre, which refers to the firing and resignations of political appointees during the Watergate scandal. Such events are not listed in the table below.

List of events

Template:Dynamic list Note: the location column will sort by the following sub regions: Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Central America, Northern America, South America, Eastern Asia, South-eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, and Oceania

Date Location Name Deaths Description
Template:Dts Template:Sort Menai Massacre 0,000,001 unknown Gaius Suetonius Paulinus ordered the Roman army to destroy the Celtic Druid stronghold on Anglesey in Britain, sacking Druidic colleges and sacred groves. The massacre helped impose Roman religion on the world and sent Druidism into a decline from which it never recovered.[3][4]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Massacre of Thessaloniki 0,007,000 7,000 Emperor Theodosius I of Rome ordered the executions after the citizens of Thessaloniki murdered a top-level military commander during a violent protest against the arrest of a popular charioteer.[5][6]
Template:Dts Template:Sort St. Brice's Day massacre 0,000,001 unknown King Ethelred II of England ordered all Danes living in England killed. The Danes were accused of aiding Viking raiders. The King of Denmark invaded England and deposed King Ethelred.[7][8][9]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Granada massacre 0,004,0004,000 A Muslim mob crucified Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela and killed most of the Jewish population of the city, apparently angered by the prominence and wealth attained by Naghrela and his people.[10][11][12][13]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Massacre of the Latins[14] 0,060,000 60,000–80,000 Wholesale massacre of all Latin (Western European) inhabitants of Constantinople by a mob.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Crow Creek massacre[15][16] 0,000,500 500[17] Native Americans indigenous to South Dakota killed Central Plains villagers.[17][18]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Stockholm Massacre
(Stockholm Bloodbath)
0,000,080 80–90[19] Days after his coronation in Stockholm, King Christian II of Denmark – trying to maintain the personal union between Sweden, Norway and Denmark, and thus keep up his claims to the Swedish throne – liquidated nobles and bishops who earlier had opposed him, or who might stir up fresh opposition.[20][21][22]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Cyprus massacre 0,030,000 30,000–50,000[23][24][25][26] Ottoman forces capturing Cyprus killed mostly Greek and Armenian Christian inhabitants.
Template:Dts Template:Sort St. Bartholomew's Day massacre[27][28] 0,003,000 70,000[29] A wave of Catholic mob violence against the Huguenots.[29][30][31]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Smerwick (Dun an Oir) massacre c600 English troops commanded by Grey de Wilton massacre Papal invasion forces at Dun an Oir in West Kerry[32]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Spanish Killings 0,000,03131 Spanish whalers went on a whaling expedition to Iceland and were killed after conflict with the people of Iceland.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Jamestown Massacre[33][34] 0,000,347 347 The Powhatans killed 347 settlers, almost one-third of the English population of the Virginia colony.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Bolton Massacre 0,000,200 200–1,600 Royalist forces killed many of the town's defenders and citizens.[35][36][37]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Massacre of Glencoe[38] 0,000,038 38[39] Government soldiers, mainly from Clan Campbell, killed members of the Clan MacDonald of Glencoe.[39]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Massacre of St George's Fields 0,000,007 7[40] British garrison troops fired at a mob that was protesting the imprisonment of John Wilkes, whose crime was criticizing King George III.[40]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Boston Massacre 0,000,005 5[41] British troops fired at a mob of colonists. This helped spark the American Revolution even though an all-colonist jury found the soldiers innocent.[42][43]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Bloody Falls Massacre 0,000,020 20[44] Chipewyan warriors attacked an Inuit camp, killing men, women and children.[45][46][47]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Baylor Massacre 0,000,015 15[48] British infantry troops attacked sleeping Continental Light Dragoons using bayonets.[48]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Waxhaw Massacre 0,000,113 113[49] Loyalist troops under the command of British Colonel Banastre Tarleton slashed and bayoneted fallen American troops during the late stages of the Battle of Waxhaws. Conflicting contemporary accounts claim violation of an American white flag by one or the other of the sides involved.[50]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Gnadenhutten massacre[51]
(Moravian massacre)
0,000,096 96 Pennsylvania militia men attacked a Moravian mission and killed 96 peaceful Christian American Indians there in retaliation for unrelated deaths of several white Pennsylvanians.[51][52]
Template:Dts Template:Sort September Massacres[53][54] 0,001,440 ~1440 Popular courts in the French Revolution sentenced prisoners to death, including around 240 priests.[55]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Massacre of Praga 0,020,000 20,000 All inhabitants of the Warsaw district Praga were tortured, raped and murdered by the Russian troops.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Boyd massacre 0,000,066 66 Whangaroa Maori killed and ate 66 crew and passengers on ship The Boyd.[56]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Peterloo Massacre 0,000,011 11[56] Armed cavalry charged a peaceful pro-democracy meeting of 60,000 people.[56]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Tripolitsa Massacre 0,035,000 35,000[57] Up to 30,000 Turks were killed in Tripolitsa and the whole Jewish population was wiped out.[56]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Waterloo Creek massacre[58] 0,000,100 100–300 Aboriginal Australians killed by a force of colonial mounted police.[59]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Myall Creek massacre[58] 0,000,028 28 A white posse killed Aboriginal Australians. The perpetrators were convicted and sentenced to death.[60]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Haun's Mill massacre[61] 0,000,019 19 About 240 Livingston County Missouri Regulators militiamen and volunteers killed 18 Mormons and one non-Mormon friend.[62][63]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Gippsland massacres[64] 0,000,450 ~450[65] A series of massacres spanning several years: 1840 – Nuntin, 1840 – Boney Point, 1841 – Butchers Creek – 30–35, 1841 – Maffra, 1842 – Skull Creek, 1842 – Bruthen Creek – "hundreds killed", 1843 – Warrigal Creek – between 60 and 180 shot, 1844 – Maffra, 1846 – South Gippsland – 14 killed, 1846 – Snowy River – 8 killed, 1846–47 – Central Gippsland – 50 or more shot, 1850 – East Gippsland – 15–20 killed, 1850 – Murrindal – 16 poisoned, 1850 – Brodribb River – 15–20 killed.[65] See also Angus McMillan.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Massacre of Elphinstone's Army 0,016,000 16,000 Afghan tribes massacred Elphinstone's British army including some 12,000 civilians.[66][67][68]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Ward massacre[69] 0,000,019 19[69] Shoshone tortured, killed and plundered Oregon emigrant wagon train members.[70]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Mountain Meadows massacre 0,000,120 120–140[71][72] Mormon militia, some dressed as Indians, and Paiute tribesmen killed and plundered unarmed members of the Fancher–Baker emigrant wagon train.[73]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Aiken massacre 0,000,006 6[74] Six well-to-do Californians travelling through the territory during the so-called Mormon War, were arrested by Mormons as spies, released, then killed and robbed.[75]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Shepherd massacre 0,000,0055[76] Bannock, Shoshone, and white men dressed as Indians killed and plundered California emigrant wagon train members.[77]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Miltimore massacre 0,000,0088[76] Bannock, Shoshone, and whites dressed as Indians tortured, killed and plundered Oregon emigrant wagon train members.[78]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Utter massacre 0,000,02828[79] Bannock, Shoshone, tortured, killed and plundered Oregon emigrant wagon train members. Of four captured children, one was rescued in 1862 by California Volunteers.[80]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Shelton Laurel Massacre 0,000,01313 Thirteen boys and men, accused of being Union sympathizers and spies, were summarily executed by members of the 64th North Carolina Regiment of the Confederate Army.[81]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Bear River massacre 0,000,225 ~225[82] 3rd Regiment California Volunteer Infantry destroyed a village of Shoshone in southeastern Idaho.[83]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Lawrence Massacre 0,000,150 ~150[84][85] Pro-Confederate bushwhackers attacked the town of Lawrence, Kansas during the American Civil War in retaliation for the Union attack on Osceola, Missouri.[86][87]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Sand Creek massacre 0,000,200 ~200[88] Colorado Territory 90-day militia destroyed a peaceful village of Cheyenne and Arapaho on the eastern plains.[89][90]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Washita Massacre
(Battle of Washita River)
0,000,029 29–150 Lt. Col. G.A.Custer's 7th cavalry attacked a village of sleeping Cheyenne led by Black Kettle. Custer reported 103 – later revised to 140 – warriors, "some" women and "few" children killed, and 53 women and children taken hostage. Other casualty estimates by cavalry members, scouts and Indians vary widely, with the number of men killed ranging as low as 11 and the numbers of women and children ranging as high as 75. Before returning to their base, the cavalry killed several hundred Indian ponies and burned the village.[91][92][93][94][95][96][97][98][99][100][101]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Batak massacre[102][103][104] 0,003,000 3,000–5,000 Ottoman army irregulars killed Bulgarian civilians barricaded in Batak's church.[105]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Frog Lake Massacre 0,000,009 9 Cree warriors, dissatisfied with the lack of support from the Canadian Government for Treaty Indians, and exacerbated by food shortages resulting from the near-extinction of bison, killed nine white settlers, including Indian agent Thomas Quinn.[106][107]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Rock Springs massacre 0,000,028 28 Rioting white immigrant miners killed 28 Chinese miners, wounded 15, and 75 Chinese homes burned.[108][109][110]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Wounded Knee Massacre 0,000,200 200–300[111] The U.S. 7th Cavalry intercepted a band of Lakota Sioux people on their way to the Pine Ridge Reservation for shelter from the winter; as they were disarming them, a gun was fired, and the soldiers turned their artillery on the Lakota, killing men women and children.[112][113]
Template:Dts1894–1896 Template:Sort Hamidian massacres 0,100,000100,000–300,000[114]

Sultan Abdul Hamid II ordered Ottoman forces to kill Armenians across the empire.[114][115][116]

Template:Dts Template:Sort Lattimer massacre 0,000,019 19 Unarmed striking miners were shot in the back: many were wounded and 19 were killed.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Leliefontein massacre[117] 0,000,035 35 During the Second Boer War, Boer forces under Manie Maritz massacred 35 Khoikhoi for being British sympathisers.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Moro Crater massacre[118][119] 0,000,800800–1,000 A U.S. Army force of 540 soldiers under the command of Major General Leonard Wood, accompanied by a naval detachment and with a detachment of native constabulary, armed with artillery and small firearms, attacked a village hidden in the crater of a dormant volcano.[120]
Template:DtsApril–May 1909 Template:Sort Adana massacre 0,015,000 15,000–30,000 In April 1909, a religious-ethnic clash in the city of Adana, amidst governmental upheaval, resulted in a series of anti-Armenian pogroms throughout the district, resulting in an estimated 15,000 to 30,000 deaths.[121][122][123][124][125]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Ludlow massacre 0,000,020 20 Twenty people, 11 of them children, died during an attack by the Colorado National Guard on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado. The event led to wider conflict quelled only by Federal troops sent in by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson.[126][127][128]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Amritsar massacre 0,000,379 >1000[129][130] 90 British Indian Army soldiers, led by Brigadier Reginald Dyer, opened fire on an unarmed gathering of men, women and children. The firing lasted for 10 to 15 minutes, till they ran out of ammunition.[129][130]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Croke Park Massacre 0,000,023 23[131] British Auxiliary police and Black and Tans fired at Gaelic football spectators at Croke Park.[131][132]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Rosewood Massacre 0,000,0088 Several days of violence by white mobs, ranging in size up to 400 people, resulted in the deaths of six blacks and two whites and the destruction of the town of Rosewood, which was abandoned after the incident.[133]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Saint Valentine's Day massacre 0,000,007 7[134] Al Capone's gang shot rival gang members and their associates.[135]
Template:Dts Template:Sort 1929 Hebron massacre 0,000,069 69[136] Arabs kill 69 Jews after being incited by religious leaders. Survivors were relocated to Jerusalem, "leaving Hebron barren of Jews for the first time in hundreds of years." [136]
Template:Dts Template:Sort 1929 Safed massacre 0,000,069 18[137] Arabs killed 18 Jews, wounded around 40, and some 200 houses were burned and looted.[138]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Qissa Khwani bazaar massacre 0,000,200 200–250[139][140] Soldiers of the British Raj fired on unarmed non-violent protestors of the Khudai Khidmatgar with machine guns during the Indian independence movement[139][140]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Ponce massacre 0,000,019 19[141] The Insular Police fired on unarmed Nationalist demonstrators peacefully marching to commemorate the ending of slavery in Puerto Rico.[141] It was the biggest massacre in Puerto Rican history.[142]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Nanking Massacre[143][144]
0,260,000 42,000–400,000
(median 260,000)[145]
The Imperial Japanese Army pillaged Nanking for six weeks[146]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Katyn massacre 0,022,000 21,857–25,700[147][148][149] Soviet NKVD executed Polish intelligentsia, POWs and reserve officers.[150][151]
Template:Dts Template:Sort NKVD prisoner massacres 0,100,000 100,000[152] The Soviet People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del, or NKVD) executed tens of thousands of political prisoners in the initial stages of Operation Barbarossa.[152][153]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Babi Yar massacre 0,030,001 >30,000[154] Nazi Einsatzgruppen killed the Jewish population of Kiev.[154][155][156][157][158]
Template:DtshOctober 20–21, 1941 Template:Sort Kragujevac massacre 0,002,796 >2,796-5,000 Nazi soldiers massacred Serb and Roma hostages in retaliation for attacks on the occupying forces.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Laha massacre 0,000,300 ~300[159] The Japanese killed surrendered Australian soldiers.[159][160]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Lari Massacre 0,000,150 ~150 About 150 Kikuyu were killed by fellow tribesmen.[161][162]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Lidice massacre 0,000,340 340[163] Nazis killed 192 men, and sent the women and children to Nazi concentration camps where many died.[163][164][165]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Massacre of the Acqui Division 0,005,000 5,000 Wehrmacht troops executed POWs from the Italian 33 Infantry Division Acqui
Template:Dts Template:Sort Massacres of Poles in Volhynia 0,050,001 >50,000 The murders of Polish citizens of the Wołyń Voivodeship, orchestrated and conducted in most part by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) in years 1943-1947. The peak of the massacres took place in July and August 1943 when a senior UPA commander, Dmytro Klyachkivsky, ordered the extermination of the entire Polish population between 16 and 60 years of age.[166][167][168]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Marzabotto massacre 0,000,700 700–1,800[169] The SS killed Italian civilians in reprisal for support given to the resistance movement.[169][170]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Ascq massacre 0,000,086 86 The Waffen-SS killed 86 men after a bomb attack in the gare d'Ascq.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Oradour-sur-Glane massacre 0,000,642 642[171] The Waffen-SS killed 642 men, women and children without giving any specific reasons for their actions.[171]

[172] [173] [174] [175] [176] [177]

Template:Dts Template:Sort Wola massacre 0,040,00040,000–100,000 Special groups of SS and German soldiers of the Wehrmacht went from house to house in Warsaw district Wola, rounding-up and shooting all inhabitants.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Sant'Anna di Stazzema massacre 0,000,560560 Retreating SS-men of the II Battallion of SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 35 of 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS, rounded up 560 villagers and refugees — mostly women, children and older men — shot them and then burned their bodies.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Ochota massacre 0,010,00010,000 Mass murders of citizens of Warsaw district Ochota in August 1944, committed by Waffen-SS.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Malmedy massacre 0,000,088 88 Nazi Waffen SS soldiers shot American POWs (43 escaped).[178][179]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Chenogne massacre 0,000,060 60 German prisoners of war were shot by American soldiers in an unauthorized retaliation for the Malmedy Massacre.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Sétif massacre 0,006,000 6,000 Muslim villages were bombed by French aircraft and the cruiser Duguay-Trouin standing off the coast, in the Gulf of Bougie, shelled Kerrata. Pied noir vigilantes lynched prisoners taken from local gaols or randomly shot Muslims [180][181][182]
Template:Dts Template:Sort 228 Incident 0,010,000 c. 800+c. 800 Local rioters, many with Japanese swords, killed c. 800 mainlander civlians, including many women & children. Mainland governement troops killed c. 800 rioters, including some innocent bystanders & innocent locals framed by family feud rivals.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Jeju massacre 0,025,00025,000[183]-60,000[184] Communist sympathizer civilians were killed by South Korean troops. The victims were 25,000 to 60,000.[184]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Deir Yassin Massacre 0,000,120120 The Deir Yassin massacre took place when the Irgun and Lehi Zionist paramilitary groups attacked the Palestinian village of Deir Yassin near Jerusalem, population of 750. 25 Palestinian men were taken to Jerusalem and shot. Around 120 Palestinian civilians were killed.[185]
Template:DtshOctober 31 – November 1, 1948 Template:Sort Hula Massacre 0,000,03535 The Hula massacre took place October 31 – November 1, 1948. Hula is a Lebanese Shi'a Muslim village near the Lebanese Litani River. It was captured by the Carmeli Brigade without any resistance. 35–58 captured men were reportedly shot down in a house which was later blown up on top of them. Two officers were responsible for the massacre; one served a one year prison sentence and later received presidential amnesty. Shmuel Lahis was later to become Director General of the Jewish Agency.[186][187]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Batang Kali massacre 0,000,02424 Villagers were purportedly shot by British troops before the village was burnt.[188][189][190]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Mungyeong massacre 0,000,08686-88[191][192] Communist sympathizer civilians were killed by South Korean troops.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Bodo League massacre 0,100,000100,000[193]-1,200,000[194] During the Korean War, communist sympathizer civilians or prisoners were killed by South Korean troops. The victims were 100,000 to 1,200,000.[193][194]
Template:DtshJuly 26–29, 1950 Template:Sort No Gun Ri Massacre 0,000,100100-400[195] During the Korean War, groups of refugees fleeing a North Korean advance attempted to cross American lines. Between July 26 and July 29, 1950, U.S. soldiers, who suspected that such groups were infiltrated by North Korean soldiers, killed an undetermined number of South Korean refugees at No Gun Ri. Wikipedia has two articles on this event, and both include material calling both the incident and several alleged witnesses into question.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Hill 303 massacre 0,000,04141[196] During the Korean War, American POW were massacred by North Korean Army on August 14, 1950.[196]
Template:DtsJanuary 6–09, 1951 Template:Sort Ganghwa massacre 0,000,212212[197]-1,300[198] During the Korean War, Communist collabolator civilians were massacred by South Korean forces, South Korean Police forces and pro-South Korea forces Militia.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Sancheong and Hamyang massacre 0,000,705705[199] During the Korean War, Communist sympathizer civilians were massacred by South Korean Army on February 7, 1951.[199]
Template:DtshFebruary 9–11, 1951 Template:Sort Geochang massacre 0,000,719719[200] During the Korean War, Communist sympathizer civilians were massacred by South Korean Army between February 9 and February 11, 1951.[200]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Sharpeville massacre 0,000,072 72–90[201] South African police shot down black protesters.[202]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Novocherkassk massacre 0,000,023 23–70[203][204] The MVD open fire on a crowd of protesters demonstrating against inflation.[205]
Template:DtshJanuary 18–21, 1964 Template:Sort Massacres during the Zanzibar Revolution 0,008,000 8,000–17,000[206][207] Following the overthrow of the Sultan, thousands of Arabs and Indians were massacred by John Okello's forces.[208][209][210]
Template:Dts Template:Sort University of Texas massacre 0,000,016 16 University of Texas was the site of a massacre by Charles Whitman, who killed his mother and wife at their homes before killing 14 and wounding 32 others at the University atop the university tower before the police killed him.
Template:Dts Template:Sort My Lai Massacre 0,000,504 504[211] US soldiers killed 504 unarmed South Vietnamese villagers ranging in ages from 1 to 81 years, mostly women and children.[211][212]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Tlatelolco massacre 0,000,025 25–350[213][214] Government troops massacred between 25 (officially) and 350 (according to human rights activists) students on the eve of the 1968 Summer Olympics taking place in Mexico City, and then tried to wash the blood away, along with evidence of the massacre.[214][215]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Kent State massacre 0,000,004 4[216] 29 members of the Ohio National Guard opened fire on unarmed students protesting the expansion of the Vietnam War into Cambodia on the Kent State University college campus, killing 4 and wounding 9, one of whom was permanently paralyzed.[216][217][218]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Bogside Massacre
(Bloody Sunday)[219]
0,000,01414[220] British paratroopers fired on unarmed civil rights protesters, killing 14.[221] The government sponsored Saville Report, released in June 2010, found all those killed were innocent civil rights demonstrators, prompting an apology by UK Prime Minister David Cameron. As of that time, no one had been prosecuted for the killings.[222]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Lod Airport massacre 0,000,02626[223] Three members of the Japanese Red Army, on behalf of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, killed 26 people and injured 80 others at Tel Aviv's Lod airport (now Ben Gurion International Airport).[223][224][225][226][227]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Munich Massacre[228] 0,000,012 12[229] Members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage and killed by the Palestinian Black September group. Also killed was a West German police officer.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Ma'alot massacre[230][231] 0,000,029 29[231] Members of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine infiltrate Israel from Lebanon, shoot and kill a Christian Arab woman and a Jewish couple and their 4 year old son, and then take hostage and kill 22 high school students and three of their adult escorts.[231]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Miami Showband massacre 0,000,005 5 Members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) killed three members of pop group the Miami Showband in a gun and bomb attack. Two UVF members also died when the bomb exploded prematurely.[232][233][234][235][236]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Kingsmill massacre 0,000,010 10[237] Irish republicans shot ten Protestant workers dead outside the village of Kingsmill in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.[237][238]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Karantina massacre 0,000,005 1,500 Lebanese Christian militias overrun the Karantina district in East Beirut and kill up to 1,500 people during the Lebanese Civil War.[239]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Damour massacre 0,000,582 582[240] Palestinian militia aligned with the Lebanese National Movement kill 582 civilians in the village of Damour during the Lebanese Civil War.[240][241]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Tel al-Zaatar massacre 0,000,005 1,500 to 3000 Lebanese Christian militias enter the Tel al-Zaatar refugee camp and kill up to 3000 people during the Lebanese Civil War.[242][243]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Coastal Road massacre 0,000,035 35[244] Palestinian Fatah members based in Lebanon land on a beach north of Tel Aviv, kill an American photographer, and hijack an inter-city bus driving along Israel's Coastal Highway. 35 civilians are killed and 80 wounded.[244][245][246][247]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Tula Massacre 0,000,013 13 13 tortured bodies were found at Tula, Hidalgo,Mexico at the time of Arturo Durazo Moreno Administration
Template:Dts Template:Sort Tadmor Prison massacre 0,001,000 about 1,000 The massacre occurred the day after a failed attempt to assassinate Syrian president Hafez el-Assad. Members of the units of the Defence Brigades, under the command of Rifaat El Assad, brother of the president, entered in Tadmor Prison and assassinated about a thousand prisoners in the cells and the dormitories.
Template:Dts Template:Sort El Mozote Massacre 0,001,001 >1,000 The El Mozote Massacre took place in the village of El Mozote, in Morazán department, El Salvador, on December 11, 1981, when Salvadoran armed forces trained by the United States military killed at least 1000 civilians in an anti-guerrilla campaign.[248][249]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Hama massacre 0,007,000 7,000–35,000[250][dead link] The Syrian Army killed an estimated 30,000 people in the city of Hama. Instances of mass execution and torture by the Syrian military were documented during the attacks.[251]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Sabra and Shatila massacre 0,000,700 700–3,500 Refugees are killed by the Christian Lebanese Forces militia in refugee camps surrounded by Israel Defense Forces. The United Nations General Assembly condemned the massacre and declared it to be an act of genocide.[252][253][254]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Lucanamarca massacre 0,000,069 69 Maoist Shining Path guerrillas massacre 69 men, women and children with axes, machetes and guns in and around the town of Lucanamarca, Peru.[255]
Template:Dts Template:Sort San Ysidro McDonald's Massacre 0,000,021 21 Gunman James Oliver Huberty killed 21 people in a McDonald's restaurant before being fatally shot by a SWAT team sniper.[256][257][258]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Dujail Massacre 0,000,148 148[259] Dujail was the site of an unsuccessful assassination attempt against then Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein, on July 8, 1982. Saddam Hussein ordered his special security and military forces to carry out a reprisal attack against the town, imprisoning hundreds of men, women and children. In March 1985, 148 of the town's men were executed.[259][260][261][262]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Accomarca massacre 0,000,047 47–74[263][264][265] An army massacre of campesinos (including six children) in Accomarca, Ayacucho.[264]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Hungerford massacre 0,000,016 16[266] A gunman armed with semi-automatic rifles and a handgun killed 16 people before committing suicide.[267]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Remembrance Day bombing
(Poppy Day Massacre)
0,000,012 12 Provisional IRA bombing at the town's cenotaph on Remembrance Sunday.[268]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Milltown massacre 0,000,003 3 Ulster Freedom Fighters member Michael Stone kills three people and injures 60 others in a gun and grenade attack at the funeral of three IRA members being held in Milltown Cemetery, Belfast.[269][270]
Template:Dts Template:Sort 1988 executions of Iranian political prisoners 0,004,482 4,482–30,000 1988 executions of political prisoners in Iran (Template:Lang-fa) refers to the systematic execution of "thousands" of political prisoners across Iran by the government of Iran, starting on July 19, 1988, and lasting about five months. The majority of the prisoners killed were supporters of the People's Mujahedin of Iran, although thousands of supporters of other groups, including the Fedaian and the Tudeh Party of Iran (Communist Party), were also executed.[271][272]

The killings have been called "an act of violence unprecedented in Iranian history — unprecedented in form, content, and intensity."[273] The exact number of prisoners executed remains unclear. Amnesty International recorded the names of over 4,482 political prisoners reportedly killed during this time,[274] but Iranian opposition groups suggest that the number of prisoners executed was far higher, and as many as 30,000 prisoners may have been executed.[275][276]

Template:Dts Template:Sort Tiananmen Square Massacre 0,000,400 400–3,000[277] Anti-corruption demonstrations escalated in a clash between the demonstrators and the authorities.[278][279]
Template:Dts Template:Sort École Polytechnique massacre[280] 0,000,014 14 Marc Lépine, claiming to fight feminism, shot and killed 14 female students of the École Polytechnique de Montréal and wounded 14 other people before turning his gun on himself. The event led to stricter gun control laws[281] and changes in police tactical response to shootings in Canada.[282]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Eastern University massacre, 0,000,158 158[283] Eastern University massacre is the massacre of 158 minority Sri Lankan Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka.[284][283][285]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Sathurukondan massacre 0,000,184 184[286][287] Sathurukondan massacre, also known as the 1990 Batticaloa massacre is the massacre of 184 minority Sri Lankan Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka.[286][287][288][289][290]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Aramoana massacre 0,000,013 13 The Aramoana massacre occurred on 13 November 1990 in the small seaside township of Aramoana in New Zealand. Lone gunman David Malcolm Gray began shooting indiscriminately at people, killing 13 people before being killed by police himself, allegedly after a dispute with his next door neighbor. It remains New Zealands deadliest criminal shooting.[291][292][293][294]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Luby's massacre 0,000,022 22 George Jo Hennard drove his pickup truck into a Luby's Cafeteria and shot and killed 22 people, wounded another 20 and then committed suicide by shooting himself.[295][296][297][298][299]
Template:DtsNovember 18–21, 1991 Template:Sort Vukovar massacre 0,000,264 264 Members of the Serb militias, aided by the Yugoslav People's Army, killed Croat civilians and POWs.[300][301][302][303]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Khojaly Massacre 0,000,613 613[304] Armenian armed forces, reportedly with help of the Russian 366th Motor Rifle Regiment, raided the town of Khojaly and massacred its Muslim civilian population. The death toll according to the Government of Azerbaijan was 613 civilians, of whom 106 were women and 83 were children.[305][306][307]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Boipatong massacre 0,000,045 45[308] 45 African National Congress (ANC) supporters were killed by members of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP).
Template:Dts Template:Sort Bisho massacre 0,000,029 29 28 African National Congress (ANC) supporters and one soldier were shot dead by the Ciskei Defence Force during a protest march.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Carandiru massacre 0,000,029 111 The massacre was triggered by a prisoner revolt within the prison. The police made little if any effort to negotiate with the prisoners before the military police stormed the building, as the prison riot became more difficult for prison guards to control. The resulting casualties were of 111 prisoners killed.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Brown's Chicken massacre 0,000,007 7 Seven people were murdered at the Brown's Chicken and Pasta in Palatine[309]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Sivas massacre 0,000,033 33 33 Alevi intellectuals were killed when a mob of radical Islamists set fire to the hotel where the group had assembled.[310][311][312]
Template:Dts Template:Sort St James Church massacre 0,000,011 11 11 People were killed during a church service by Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA) armed with assault rifles and grenades.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Greysteel massacre 0,000,008 8 Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF) opened fire in a crowded bar using an AK-47 and automatic pistol. Eight civilians were killed and thirteen wounded.[313][314][315][316][317][318][319][320]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Yanomami Massacre 0,000,016 16–73[321][322] Garimpeiros (illegal gold miners) killed Yanomami people.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Cave of the Patriarchs massacre[323][324]
(Ibrahimi Mosque massacre)[325]
0,000,029 29 Baruch Goldstein opens fire with an assault rifle killing 29 Muslims and wounding 150 at prayer in the Ibrahimi Mosque before being subdued and beaten to death.[326][327]
Template:Dts et seq. Template:Sort Algerian Village Massacres of the 1990s 0,010,001>10,000[328][329] During the 1990s, many large-scale massacres of villagers in Algeria were perpetrated by groups attacking villages at night and cutting the throats of the inhabitants. The Armed Islamic Group (GIA) has avowed its responsibility for many of them. The massacres peaked in 1997 (with a smaller peak in 1994). There are allegations reported by the BBC that government infiltrators spurred the GIA to higher levels of violence in order to discredit them.[330] According to a few reports former Algerian army officer, Habib Souaidia testified to his government's involvement of the massacres. The differing accounts are not yet reconciled.[328][331][332][333]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Shell House massacre 0,000,019 19 Security guards of the African National Congress (ANC) fired on 20,000 Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) marchers.[334][335][336]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Loughinisland massacre 0,000,006 6 Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) opened fire in a crowded bar using assault rifles, killing six civilians and wounding five.[337][338][339][340][341][342][343]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Beit Lid massacre 0,000,022 22[344] First suicide attack by Palestinian Islamic Jihad, killing 22 and wounding 69. Carried out by two bombers; the second waited until emergency crews arrived to assist the wounded and dying before detonating his bomb.[345][346][347][348]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Srebrenica massacre 0,008,000 8,000[349] Units of the Army of the Republika Srpska killed male Bosniaks[349][350]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Dunblane massacre 0,000,017 17 [351] A gunman opened fire in a primary school, killing sixteen children and one teacher before killing himself.[352][353][354]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Port Arthur massacre 0,000,035 35[355] The Port Arthur massacre of 28 April 1996 was a killing spree which claimed the lives of 35 people and wounded 21 others mainly at the historic tourist site Port Arthur in south-eastern Tasmania, Australia. The massacre remains Australia's deadliest mass killing spree and remains one of the deadliest such incidents worldwide in recent times.[356]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Qana Massacre[357][358] 0,000,106 106 Israeli artillery struck the Unifil Headquarters in Qana which was providing shelter to approximately two hundred Lebanese civilians. The Israeli military said the strike was in error and that they were not targeting the U.N. shelter.[359][360][361][362][363]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Ghulja Massacre 0,000,010 >9 After two days of protests during which the protesters had marched shouting "God is great" and "independence for Xinjiang" the demonstrations were crushed by the People's Liberation Army. Official reports put the death toll at 9 while dissident reports estimated the number killed at more than 100.[364][365][366][367][368][369]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Luxor massacre 0,000,045 64 Massacre carried out by Egyptian Islamist militants, in which 64 people (including 59 visiting tourists) were killed using automatic weapons and machetes.[370][371][372]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Acteal Massacre 0,000,045 45 Massacre carried out by paramilitary forces of 45 people attending a prayer meeting of indigenous townspeople, who were members of the pacifist group Las Abejas ("The Bees"), in the village of Acteal, municipality of Chenalhó, in the Mexican state of Chiapas.[373][374][375]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Columbine High School massacre 0,000,013 15[376] Two teenagers, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold open fire on their classmates on April 20, 1999 at Columbine High School, killing 12 students and one teacher before committing suicide.
Template:Dts Template:Sort Nanoor massacre 0,000,011 11 Killing of 11 landless labourers allegedly by activists of Communist Party of India (Marxist), a political party in India, in Suchpur, near Nanoor and under Nanoor police station, in Birbhum district in the Indian state of West Bengal.[377][378][379]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Bat Mitzvah massacre 6 An attack carried out in January 2002 by al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades in which a Palestinian gunman hurling grenades killed six and wounded 33 in a Bat Mitzvah celebration, a traditional Jewish celebration held for a 12-year-old girl.[380][381]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Passover massacre 0,000,030 30[382] Killing of 30 guests at the Park Hotel in Netanya, Israel, sitting down to the traditional Passover Seder meal. Another 143 were injured. Hamas claimed responsibility.[382][383][384][385][386]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Gulbarg Society massacre 0,000,069 69 During the 2002 Gujarat riots, a mob attacked the Gulbarg Society, a lower middle-class Muslim neighbourhood in Chamanpura, Ahmedabad. Most of the houses were burnt, and at least 35 victims including a former Congress, Member of Parliament, Ehsan Jafri, were burnt alive, while 31 others went missing after the incident, later presumed dead, bringing the total of the dead to 69.[387][388][389]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Beslan School Massacre 0,000,334 334 Armed Chechen separatists[390] took more than 1,200 people hostage at a school. 334 civilians were killed, including 186 school children, and hundreds wounded.[391][392][393]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Andijan massacre 0,000,300 300–500 Uzbek Interior Ministry and National Security Service troops fired into a crowd of protesters.[394][395]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Capitol Hill massacre 0,000,006 6 28-year-old Kyle Aaron Huff entered a rave afterparty in the southeast part of Seattle's Capitol Hill neighborhood and opened fire, killing six and wounding two, before committing suicide.[396][citation needed]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Virginia Tech Massacre 0,000,032 32 Gunman Seung-Hui Cho, killed 32 people and wounded many others[397] before committing suicide. The massacre is the deadliest peacetime shooting incident by a single gunman in United States history, on or off a school campus.[398]
Template:Dts Template:Sort 28 September Massacre 0,000,157 157 Guinean uniformed security forces opened fire on a political rally trapped in the 28 September Stadium.[399]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Fort Hood Massacre
(Fort Hood shooting)
0,000,013 13 Gunman Malik Nadal Hasan, a Major in the US Army, allegedly killed 12 soldiers and one civilian, and wounded at least 30 on the base at Ft. Hood. Initial reports indicate Hassan was upset at being deployed to Iraq.[400][401][402][403][404][405]
Template:Dts Template:Sort Maguindanao massacre
0,000,057 57 A group of 100 armed men, alleged to include police and private militia led by Andal Ampatuan, Jr., stopped a convoy of five cars transporting Genalyn Tiamzon-Mangudadatu, the wife of Esmael Mangudadatu, who is running for provincial governor in the 2010 Philippine elections. She was en-route to the town of Shariff Aguak to file a certificate of candidacy for her husband, accompanied by his sisters, other supporters, and members of the press. The attackers kidnapped and later killed all members of the Mangudadatu group; reports state that women in the group were raped before being killed. Five other people not part of the group, in a car behind the convoy, were also kidnapped and killed.[406][407][408][409][410]

See also

Notes and references

  1. 1.0 1.1 Oxford English Dictionary Massacre, n.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Oxford English Dictionary Massacre, v.
  3. Saint Paul in Britain Or, The Origin Of British As Opposed To Papal Christianity by Rev. R. W. Morgan
  4. Pillar in the Wilderness by Benjamin John
  5. John Julius Norwich (1989). Byzantium: The Early Centuries. New York: Knopf. pp. 112. ISBN [[Special:BookSources/0394537785, Template:Oclc|0394537785, Template:Oclc]]., "…and 7,000 were dead by morning..." (Page 139)
  6. Edward Gibbon, D. M. Low (1960). The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. New York: Harcourt Brace. pp. ch. 27 2:56. Template:Oclc.
  7. Ann Williams (2003). Æthelred the Unready: The Ill-Counselled King. London: Hambledon and London. pp. 54. ISBN [[Special:BookSources/1-85258-382-4, Template:Oclc|1-85258-382-4, Template:Oclc]]. "It is usually assumed that this story relates to the St Brice's Day massacre …" (Page 55)
  8. Simon Hall (1998). The Hutchinson Illustrated Encyclopedia of British History. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. pp. 297. ISBN 1-57958-107-2. "1002 St Brice's Day massacre; Danes in England were killed on order of King Ethelred." (Page 340)
  9. Staff. Saint Brices Day massacre, Encyclopædia Britannica, Accessed 26 December 2007
  10. Lucien Gubbay (1999). Sunlight and Shadow: The Jewish Experience of Islam. New York: Other Press. pp. 80. ISBN 1-892746-69-7. " It should be noted though that the Granada massacre of 1066 was the first instance of persecution of Jews in Muslim Spain, which had enjoyed an almost unblemished record of tolerance for the preceding 350 years." (Page 80)
  11. Norman Roth (1994). Jews, Visigoths, and Muslims in Medieval Spain: Cooperation and Conflict. Netherlands: E. J. Brill. pp. 110. ISBN 90-04-09971-9. " Assuming that he was at least ten years old, however, it is again surprising that no more personal recollection of the Granada massacre is found in his writing…" (Page 110)
  12. [[Richard Gottheil |Gottheil, Richard]]; [[Meyer Kayserling |Kayserling, Meyer]]. Granada. G (1906 ed.). Jewish Encyclopedia. http://jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=412&letter=G&search=Granada. "More than 1,500 Jewish families, numbering 4,000 persons, fell in one day, Ṭebet 9 (= Dec. 30), 1066."
  13. Daud, Abraham Ibd (2007). "On Samuel Ha-Nagid, Vizier of Granada, 993-d after 1056". Medieval Sourcebook. Paul Halsall. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/ha-nagid.html. Retrieved 2009-03-11. He was proud to his own hurt, and the Berber princes were jealous of him, with the result that on the Sabbath, on the 9th of Tebet in the year 4827 [Saturday, December 30, 1066], he and the Community of Granada were murdered.
  14. The Cambridge Illustrated History of the Middle Ages: 950-1250. Cambridge University Press. 1986. pp. 507–508. ISBN 0521266451.
  15. Lane A. Beck (1995). Regional Approaches to Mortuary Analysis. New York: Plenum Press. pp. 231. ISBN 0-306-44931-5.
  16. Michal Strutin (1999). A Guide to Contemporary Plains Indians. Tucson, Arizona: Southwest Parks and Monuments Association. pp. 37. ISBN 1-877856-80-0.
  17. 17.0 17.1 Staff. The Crow Creek Massacre www.nebraskastudies.org
  18. Staff, Crow Creek Massacre, University of South Dakota
  19. Lauritz Weibull. "Nordisk historia. Forskningar och undersökningar. Del III. Från Erik den helige till Karl XII", Stockholm 1949, p. 160–163
  20. González, Justo K., The Story of Christianity: Volume Two – The Reformation to the Present Day, HarperCollins Publishers, 1984, p. 92, ISBN 0-06-063316-6
  21. Gjerset, Knut, History of the Norwegian People, Volume 2 MacMillan Co., 1915, pp. 111–114, ISBN 978-0404028183
  22. Riis, Jacob A., Hero Tales of the Far North, Project Gutenberg, 2004
  23. Change and Development in the Middle East: essays in honour of W.B. Fisher, John Innes Clarke, Howard Bowen-Jones, 1981, p.290
  24. The Heritage of Armenian Literature, A. J. (Agop Jack) Hacikyan, Nourhan Ouzounian, Gabriel Basmajian, Edward S. Franchuk, 2000, p.777
  25. "Turkey" by Edward Shepherd Creasy, Page 195
  26. Eric Solsten, ed. Cyprus: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1991.
  27. Alastair Armstrong (2003). France, 1500–1715. London: Heinemann Education Publishers. pp. 65. ISBN 0435327518.
  28. Reinhard Bendix (1978). Kings Or People: Power and the Mandate to Rule. Tucson, Arizona: University of California Press. pp. 324. ISBN 0-520-04090-2.
  29. 29.0 29.1 Staff. Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre, Columbia Encyclopedia, Questia Online Library
  30. Staff, Massacre of Saint Bartholomews Day (French history), Encyclopædia Britannica, Accessed 23 December 2007
  31. Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre, CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA
  32. Massacre of Smerwick article, The Enyclopedia of Irealand, p. 998, Gill & Macmillan, 2003
  33. Janell Broyles, A Timeline of the Jamestown Colony, p. 22, The Rosen Publishing Group, 2004
  34. Alfred Abioseh Jarrett, The Impact of Macro Social Systems on Ethnic Minorities in the United States, Page 29, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000
  35. Bolton history
  36. Lonely Planet
  37. John Tincey, Marston Moor 1644: The Beginning Of The End: Osprey Publishing (March 11, 2003) ISBN 1841763349 p 33 "the `massacre at Bolton' became a staple of Parliamentarian propaganda"
  38. Oxford English Dictionary Cites "a1715 BP. G. BURNET Hist. Own Time (1734) II. 156 The Massacre in Glencoe, made still a great noise." and "1957 ‘H. MACDIARMID’ Battle Continues 1 Franco has made no more horrible shambles Than this poem of Campbell's, The foulest outrage his breed has to show Since the massacre of Glencoe!"
  39. 39.0 39.1 Glencoe, engraved by W. Miller after J.M.W. Turner, Edinburgh University library
  40. 40.0 40.1 St. George's Field Riot
  41. Zobel, The Boston Massacre, W.W.Norton and Co.(1970), 199–200.
  42. Boston Massacre – Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  43. Boston Massacre
  44. Kenn Harper A Day in Arctic History: July 17, 1771 — Slaughter at Bloody Falls, Nunatsiaq News, 29 July 2005
  45. Robin McGrath. Samuel Hearne And The Inuit Oral Tradition, University of New Brunswick, libraries Accessed 23 December 2007
  46. Staff, Samuel Hearne and David Thompson, trekking in the footsteps, HighBeam Research, (From: Manitoba History Society| Date: 6/1/2005| Author: Binning, Alexander)
  47. Bloody Falls, The Canadian Encyclopedia
  48. 48.0 48.1 Wright, Kevin W.. "OVERKILL: Revolutionary War Reminiscences of River Vale". Bergen County Historical Society. http://www.bergencountyhistory.org/Pages/baylormassacre.html. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
  49. Buford's Massacre
  50. http://www.rsar.org/military/sherm055.pdf
  51. 51.0 51.1 "Gnadenhutten Massacre". Ohio History Central. http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=499. Retrieved June 5, 2009.
  52. Gnadenhutten Massacre (United States history) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  53. Historywiz.com
  54. David Andress, The Terror: The Merciless War for Freedom in Revolutionary France, Chapter 4, Macmillan, 2006
  55. Dwyer, Phillip and McPhee, Peter (2002). The French Revolution and Napoleon: A Sourcebook. Routledge. pp. 66. ISBN 978-0415199070.
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 56.3 "New plaque for massacre memorial", BBC, 17 August 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2008.
  57. McCarthy, Justin (1996). Death and Exile: The Ethnic Cleansing of Ottoman Muslims, 1821–1922. Darwin Press, Incorporated. ISBN 0878500944. http://books.google.com/books?id=MDoFR3UJOSgC
  58. 58.0 58.1 National Centre for History Education (Australia)
  59. "Frontier Conflict: The Australian Experience", Bruce Elder, Sydney Morning Herald, March 29, 2003
  60. "Myall Creek Massacre", Parliament of New South Wales Hansard, June 8, 2000
  61. FAQ "What was the Haun's Mill Massacre?" – Brigham Young University website (abstracted from "Haun's Mill Massacre," in Encyclopedia of Mormonism, ed. Daniel H. Ludlow, New York: Macmillan, 1992)
  62. Historical Record, Jenson, Vol. 7 & 8, p 671.
  63. History of the Church, Vol. III, pp 182–186.
  64. Gardner, P.D. (2001), Gippsland massacres: the destruction of the Kurnai tribes, 1800-1860, Ngarak Press, Essay, Victoria ISBN 1-875254-31-5
  65. 65.0 65.1 Gippsland Settlers and the Kurnai Dead - Patrick Morgan – Quadrant Magazine
  66. Afghan and Northwest Border Wars 1834 to 1897
  67. Summary: the First Anglo-Afghan War, 1838–42
  68. Massacre of Elphinstone's army
  69. 69.0 69.1 Staff. Snake River Massacre Account by One of the Survivors, Oregon Historical Society, 2002.
  70. Shannon, Donald H. (2004). The Boise Massacre. pp 73–102. Caldwell, ID: Snake Country Publishing. ISBN 0-9635828-1-X
  71. Carleton, James Henry (1902). (Special Report on the Mountain Meadows Massacre. Washington: Government Printing Office. pp. 126. http://books.google.com/?id=MBYiwjNst6EC.
  72. Thompson, Jacob (1860). Message of the President of the United States: communicating, in compliance with a resolution of the Senate, information in relation to the massacre at Mountain Meadows, and other massacres in Utah Territory, 36th Congress, 1st Session, Exec. Doc. No. 42. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior. http://www.archive.org/details/messageofpreside00unitrich..
  73. Bagley, Will (2002). Blood of the Prophets: Brigham Young and the Massacre at Mountain Meadows. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-3426-7..
  74. Roger A. Hall. Performing the American Frontier, 1870–1906, Published by Cambridge University Press, 2001, ISBN 0521793203. p 93
  75. Bancroft, Hubert Howe; Bates, Alfred (1889). The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft: History of Utah, 1540–1886. San Francisco: History Company. pp. 868. LCC F826.B2 1889, LCCN 07018413. http://books.google.com/?id=2OwNAAAAIAAJ.(Chapter XX. pp 562–563) (Internet Archive versions).
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  82. Brigham D. Madsen (with forward by Charles S. Peterson), The Shoshoni Frontier and the Bear River Massacre, University of Utah Press (1985-hardcover 1995-paperback), trade paperback, 286 pages, pp. 190–192, ISBN 0-87480-494-9
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  84. William Quantrill and the Lawrence Massacre
  85. Lawrence (Kansas, United States)
  86. The Bloodiest Man In American History
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  91. ABC-CLIO Schools | Washita Massacre
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  93. Brown, Dee, Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, Henry Holt and Co., 2007, 487 pages, pp 167–169, ISBN 978-0-8050-8684-3
  94. Churchill, Ward, A Little Matter of Genocide: Holocaust and Denial in the Americas, 1492 to the Present, City Lights, 1997, 381 pages, p 236, ISBN 978-0-87286-323-1
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  96. ExploreSouthernHistory.com - Washita Battlefield, Oklahoma
  97. Giago, Tim - Honoring Those Who Died at Washita
  98. Native American Netroots | The 140th Anniversary of the Washita Massacre of Nov. 27, 1868
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  115. Cohan, Sara (October 2005). "A Brief History of the Armenian Genocide". Social Education (National Science Teachers Association, 1840 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22201-3000) v69 (n6): 333. ISSN 0037-7724. "They are now known as the Hamidian Massacres"
  116. Totten, Samuel; Paul Robert Bartrop, Steven L. Jacobs (2008). Dictionary of genocide. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 23. ISBN 0313346429, 9780313346422. "they are now often called the Hamidian massacres to distinguish them from the greater attrocities associated with the 1915 Armenian Genocide"
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  129. 129.0 129.1 Staff. Radio 4: This Sceptred Isle: Empire: Amritsar, Episode 83 – 07/06/06, BBC,
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    • "...Organization (PLO) crimes, like the massacre of Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic Games in 1972 and the Ma'alot massacre of children in 1974." Richard J. Chasdi. Tapestry of Terror: A Portrait of Middle East Terrorism, 1994–1999, Lexington Books, 2002, p. 6.
    • "The PFLP was responsible for the Ma'alot massacre on May IS, 1974 during which 22 Israeli children were killed." Alex Peter Schmid, A. J. Jongman, Michael Stohl. Political Terrorism: A New Guide to Actors, Authors, Concepts, Data Bases, Theories, & Literature, Transaction Publishers, 2005, p. 639.
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