This is a list of events for which one of the commonly accepted names includes the word "massacre". Massacre is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as "the indiscriminate and brutal slaughter of people or (less commonly) animals; carnage, butchery, slaughter in numbers". It also states that the term is used "in the names of certain massacres of history". The first recorded use in English of the word massacre in the name of an event is "Marlowe (c1600) (title) The massacre at Paris", (a reference to the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre). Massacre can also be used as a verb, as "To kill (people or, less commonly, animals) in numbers, esp. brutally and indiscriminately". The first usage of which was "1588 J. PENRY Viewe Publ. Wants Wales 65 Men which make no conscience for gaine sake, to breake the law of the æternall, and massaker soules..are dangerous subjects", and this usage is not recorded in this list.
Massacre is also used figuratively and idiomatically for events that do not involve any deaths, such as the Saturday Night Massacre, which refers to the firing and resignations of political appointees during the Watergate scandal. Such events are not listed in the table below.
List of events
Template:Dynamic list Note: the location column will sort by the following sub regions: Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Central America, Northern America, South America, Eastern Asia, South-eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, and Oceania
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Menai Massacre||unknown||Gaius Suetonius Paulinus ordered the Roman army to destroy the Celtic Druid stronghold on Anglesey in Britain, sacking Druidic colleges and sacred groves. The massacre helped impose Roman religion on the world and sent Druidism into a decline from which it never recovered.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Massacre of Thessaloniki||7,000||Emperor Theodosius I of Rome ordered the executions after the citizens of Thessaloniki murdered a top-level military commander during a violent protest against the arrest of a popular charioteer.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||St. Brice's Day massacre||unknown||King Ethelred II of England ordered all Danes living in England killed. The Danes were accused of aiding Viking raiders. The King of Denmark invaded England and deposed King Ethelred.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Granada massacre||4,000||A Muslim mob crucified Jewish vizier Joseph ibn Naghrela and killed most of the Jewish population of the city, apparently angered by the prominence and wealth attained by Naghrela and his people.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Massacre of the Latins||60,000–80,000||Wholesale massacre of all Latin (Western European) inhabitants of Constantinople by a mob.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Crow Creek massacre||500||Native Americans indigenous to South Dakota killed Central Plains villagers.|
|80–90||Days after his coronation in Stockholm, King Christian II of Denmark – trying to maintain the personal union between Sweden, Norway and Denmark, and thus keep up his claims to the Swedish throne – liquidated nobles and bishops who earlier had opposed him, or who might stir up fresh opposition.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Cyprus massacre||30,000–50,000||Ottoman forces capturing Cyprus killed mostly Greek and Armenian Christian inhabitants.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||St. Bartholomew's Day massacre||70,000||A wave of Catholic mob violence against the Huguenots.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Smerwick (Dun an Oir) massacre||c600||English troops commanded by Grey de Wilton massacre Papal invasion forces at Dun an Oir in West Kerry|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Spanish Killings||31||Spanish whalers went on a whaling expedition to Iceland and were killed after conflict with the people of Iceland.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Jamestown Massacre||347||The Powhatans killed 347 settlers, almost one-third of the English population of the Virginia colony.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Bolton Massacre||200–1,600||Royalist forces killed many of the town's defenders and citizens.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Massacre of Glencoe||38||Government soldiers, mainly from Clan Campbell, killed members of the Clan MacDonald of Glencoe.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Massacre of St George's Fields||7||British garrison troops fired at a mob that was protesting the imprisonment of John Wilkes, whose crime was criticizing King George III.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Boston Massacre||5||British troops fired at a mob of colonists. This helped spark the American Revolution even though an all-colonist jury found the soldiers innocent.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Bloody Falls Massacre||20||Chipewyan warriors attacked an Inuit camp, killing men, women and children.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Baylor Massacre||15||British infantry troops attacked sleeping Continental Light Dragoons using bayonets.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Waxhaw Massacre||113||Loyalist troops under the command of British Colonel Banastre Tarleton slashed and bayoneted fallen American troops during the late stages of the Battle of Waxhaws. Conflicting contemporary accounts claim violation of an American white flag by one or the other of the sides involved.|
|96||Pennsylvania militia men attacked a Moravian mission and killed 96 peaceful Christian American Indians there in retaliation for unrelated deaths of several white Pennsylvanians.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||September Massacres||~1440||Popular courts in the French Revolution sentenced prisoners to death, including around 240 priests.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Massacre of Praga||20,000||All inhabitants of the Warsaw district Praga were tortured, raped and murdered by the Russian troops.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Boyd massacre||66||Whangaroa Maori killed and ate 66 crew and passengers on ship The Boyd.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Peterloo Massacre||11||Armed cavalry charged a peaceful pro-democracy meeting of 60,000 people.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Tripolitsa Massacre||35,000||Up to 30,000 Turks were killed in Tripolitsa and the whole Jewish population was wiped out.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Waterloo Creek massacre||100–300||Aboriginal Australians killed by a force of colonial mounted police.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Myall Creek massacre||28||A white posse killed Aboriginal Australians. The perpetrators were convicted and sentenced to death.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Haun's Mill massacre||19||About 240 Livingston County Missouri Regulators militiamen and volunteers killed 18 Mormons and one non-Mormon friend.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Gippsland massacres||~450||A series of massacres spanning several years: 1840 – Nuntin, 1840 – Boney Point, 1841 – Butchers Creek – 30–35, 1841 – Maffra, 1842 – Skull Creek, 1842 – Bruthen Creek – "hundreds killed", 1843 – Warrigal Creek – between 60 and 180 shot, 1844 – Maffra, 1846 – South Gippsland – 14 killed, 1846 – Snowy River – 8 killed, 1846–47 – Central Gippsland – 50 or more shot, 1850 – East Gippsland – 15–20 killed, 1850 – Murrindal – 16 poisoned, 1850 – Brodribb River – 15–20 killed. See also Angus McMillan.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Massacre of Elphinstone's Army||16,000||Afghan tribes massacred Elphinstone's British army including some 12,000 civilians.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Ward massacre||19||Shoshone tortured, killed and plundered Oregon emigrant wagon train members.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Mountain Meadows massacre||120–140||Mormon militia, some dressed as Indians, and Paiute tribesmen killed and plundered unarmed members of the Fancher–Baker emigrant wagon train.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Aiken massacre||6||Six well-to-do Californians travelling through the territory during the so-called Mormon War, were arrested by Mormons as spies, released, then killed and robbed.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Shepherd massacre||5||Bannock, Shoshone, and white men dressed as Indians killed and plundered California emigrant wagon train members.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Miltimore massacre||8||Bannock, Shoshone, and whites dressed as Indians tortured, killed and plundered Oregon emigrant wagon train members.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Utter massacre||28||Bannock, Shoshone, tortured, killed and plundered Oregon emigrant wagon train members. Of four captured children, one was rescued in 1862 by California Volunteers.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Shelton Laurel Massacre||13||Thirteen boys and men, accused of being Union sympathizers and spies, were summarily executed by members of the 64th North Carolina Regiment of the Confederate Army.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Bear River massacre||~225||3rd Regiment California Volunteer Infantry destroyed a village of Shoshone in southeastern Idaho.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Lawrence Massacre||~150||Pro-Confederate bushwhackers attacked the town of Lawrence, Kansas during the American Civil War in retaliation for the Union attack on Osceola, Missouri.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Sand Creek massacre||~200||Colorado Territory 90-day militia destroyed a peaceful village of Cheyenne and Arapaho on the eastern plains.|
(Battle of Washita River)
|29–150||Lt. Col. G.A.Custer's 7th cavalry attacked a village of sleeping Cheyenne led by Black Kettle. Custer reported 103 – later revised to 140 – warriors, "some" women and "few" children killed, and 53 women and children taken hostage. Other casualty estimates by cavalry members, scouts and Indians vary widely, with the number of men killed ranging as low as 11 and the numbers of women and children ranging as high as 75. Before returning to their base, the cavalry killed several hundred Indian ponies and burned the village.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Batak massacre||3,000–5,000||Ottoman army irregulars killed Bulgarian civilians barricaded in Batak's church.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Frog Lake Massacre||9||Cree warriors, dissatisfied with the lack of support from the Canadian Government for Treaty Indians, and exacerbated by food shortages resulting from the near-extinction of bison, killed nine white settlers, including Indian agent Thomas Quinn.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Rock Springs massacre||28||Rioting white immigrant miners killed 28 Chinese miners, wounded 15, and 75 Chinese homes burned.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Wounded Knee Massacre||200–300||The U.S. 7th Cavalry intercepted a band of Lakota Sioux people on their way to the Pine Ridge Reservation for shelter from the winter; as they were disarming them, a gun was fired, and the soldiers turned their artillery on the Lakota, killing men women and children.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Lattimer massacre||19||Unarmed striking miners were shot in the back: many were wounded and 19 were killed.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Leliefontein massacre||35||During the Second Boer War, Boer forces under Manie Maritz massacred 35 Khoikhoi for being British sympathisers.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Moro Crater massacre||800–1,000||A U.S. Army force of 540 soldiers under the command of Major General Leonard Wood, accompanied by a naval detachment and with a detachment of native constabulary, armed with artillery and small firearms, attacked a village hidden in the crater of a dormant volcano.|
|April–May 1909||Template:Sort||Adana massacre||15,000–30,000||In April 1909, a religious-ethnic clash in the city of Adana, amidst governmental upheaval, resulted in a series of anti-Armenian pogroms throughout the district, resulting in an estimated 15,000 to 30,000 deaths.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Ludlow massacre||20||Twenty people, 11 of them children, died during an attack by the Colorado National Guard on a tent colony of 1,200 striking coal miners and their families at Ludlow, Colorado. The event led to wider conflict quelled only by Federal troops sent in by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Amritsar massacre||>1000||90 British Indian Army soldiers, led by Brigadier Reginald Dyer, opened fire on an unarmed gathering of men, women and children. The firing lasted for 10 to 15 minutes, till they ran out of ammunition.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Croke Park Massacre||23||British Auxiliary police and Black and Tans fired at Gaelic football spectators at Croke Park.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Rosewood Massacre||8||Several days of violence by white mobs, ranging in size up to 400 people, resulted in the deaths of six blacks and two whites and the destruction of the town of Rosewood, which was abandoned after the incident.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Saint Valentine's Day massacre||7||Al Capone's gang shot rival gang members and their associates.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||1929 Hebron massacre||69||Arabs kill 69 Jews after being incited by religious leaders. Survivors were relocated to Jerusalem, "leaving Hebron barren of Jews for the first time in hundreds of years." |
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||1929 Safed massacre||18||Arabs killed 18 Jews, wounded around 40, and some 200 houses were burned and looted.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Qissa Khwani bazaar massacre||200–250||Soldiers of the British Raj fired on unarmed non-violent protestors of the Khudai Khidmatgar with machine guns during the Indian independence movement|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Ponce massacre||19||The Insular Police fired on unarmed Nationalist demonstrators peacefully marching to commemorate the ending of slavery in Puerto Rico. It was the biggest massacre in Puerto Rican history.|
|The Imperial Japanese Army pillaged Nanking for six weeks|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Katyn massacre||21,857–25,700||Soviet NKVD executed Polish intelligentsia, POWs and reserve officers.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||NKVD prisoner massacres||100,000||The Soviet People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del, or NKVD) executed tens of thousands of political prisoners in the initial stages of Operation Barbarossa.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Babi Yar massacre||>30,000||Nazi Einsatzgruppen killed the Jewish population of Kiev.|
|Template:DtshOctober 20–21, 1941||Template:Sort||Kragujevac massacre||>2,796-5,000||Nazi soldiers massacred Serb and Roma hostages in retaliation for attacks on the occupying forces.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Laha massacre||~300||The Japanese killed surrendered Australian soldiers.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Lari Massacre||~150||About 150 Kikuyu were killed by fellow tribesmen.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Lidice massacre||340||Nazis killed 192 men, and sent the women and children to Nazi concentration camps where many died.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Massacre of the Acqui Division||5,000||Wehrmacht troops executed POWs from the Italian 33 Infantry Division Acqui|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Massacres of Poles in Volhynia||>50,000||The murders of Polish citizens of the Wołyń Voivodeship, orchestrated and conducted in most part by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) in years 1943-1947. The peak of the massacres took place in July and August 1943 when a senior UPA commander, Dmytro Klyachkivsky, ordered the extermination of the entire Polish population between 16 and 60 years of age.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Marzabotto massacre||700–1,800||The SS killed Italian civilians in reprisal for support given to the resistance movement.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Ascq massacre||86||The Waffen-SS killed 86 men after a bomb attack in the gare d'Ascq.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Oradour-sur-Glane massacre||642||The Waffen-SS killed 642 men, women and children without giving any specific reasons for their actions.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Wola massacre||40,000–100,000||Special groups of SS and German soldiers of the Wehrmacht went from house to house in Warsaw district Wola, rounding-up and shooting all inhabitants.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Sant'Anna di Stazzema massacre||560||Retreating SS-men of the II Battallion of SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment 35 of 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS, rounded up 560 villagers and refugees — mostly women, children and older men — shot them and then burned their bodies.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Ochota massacre||10,000||Mass murders of citizens of Warsaw district Ochota in August 1944, committed by Waffen-SS.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Malmedy massacre||88||Nazi Waffen SS soldiers shot American POWs (43 escaped).|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Chenogne massacre||60||German prisoners of war were shot by American soldiers in an unauthorized retaliation for the Malmedy Massacre.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Sétif massacre||6,000||Muslim villages were bombed by French aircraft and the cruiser Duguay-Trouin standing off the coast, in the Gulf of Bougie, shelled Kerrata. Pied noir vigilantes lynched prisoners taken from local gaols or randomly shot Muslims |
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||228 Incident||c. 800+c. 800||Local rioters, many with Japanese swords, killed c. 800 mainlander civlians, including many women & children. Mainland governement troops killed c. 800 rioters, including some innocent bystanders & innocent locals framed by family feud rivals.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Jeju massacre||-60,00025,000||Communist sympathizer civilians were killed by South Korean troops. The victims were 25,000 to 60,000.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Deir Yassin Massacre||120||The Deir Yassin massacre took place when the Irgun and Lehi Zionist paramilitary groups attacked the Palestinian village of Deir Yassin near Jerusalem, population of 750. 25 Palestinian men were taken to Jerusalem and shot. Around 120 Palestinian civilians were killed.|
|Template:DtshOctober 31 – November 1, 1948||Template:Sort||Hula Massacre||35||The Hula massacre took place October 31 – November 1, 1948. Hula is a Lebanese Shi'a Muslim village near the Lebanese Litani River. It was captured by the Carmeli Brigade without any resistance. 35–58 captured men were reportedly shot down in a house which was later blown up on top of them. Two officers were responsible for the massacre; one served a one year prison sentence and later received presidential amnesty. Shmuel Lahis was later to become Director General of the Jewish Agency.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Batang Kali massacre||24||Villagers were purportedly shot by British troops before the village was burnt.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Mungyeong massacre||86-88||Communist sympathizer civilians were killed by South Korean troops.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Bodo League massacre||-1,200,000100,000||During the Korean War, communist sympathizer civilians or prisoners were killed by South Korean troops. The victims were 100,000 to 1,200,000.|
|Template:DtshJuly 26–29, 1950||Template:Sort||No Gun Ri Massacre||100-400||During the Korean War, groups of refugees fleeing a North Korean advance attempted to cross American lines. Between July 26 and July 29, 1950, U.S. soldiers, who suspected that such groups were infiltrated by North Korean soldiers, killed an undetermined number of South Korean refugees at No Gun Ri. Wikipedia has two articles on this event, and both include material calling both the incident and several alleged witnesses into question.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Hill 303 massacre||41||During the Korean War, American POW were massacred by North Korean Army on August 14, 1950.|
|Template:DtsJanuary 6–09, 1951||Template:Sort||Ganghwa massacre||-1,300212||During the Korean War, Communist collabolator civilians were massacred by South Korean forces, South Korean Police forces and pro-South Korea forces Militia.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Sancheong and Hamyang massacre||705||During the Korean War, Communist sympathizer civilians were massacred by South Korean Army on February 7, 1951.|
|Template:DtshFebruary 9–11, 1951||Template:Sort||Geochang massacre||719||During the Korean War, Communist sympathizer civilians were massacred by South Korean Army between February 9 and February 11, 1951.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Sharpeville massacre||72–90||South African police shot down black protesters.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Novocherkassk massacre||23–70||The MVD open fire on a crowd of protesters demonstrating against inflation.|
|Template:DtshJanuary 18–21, 1964||Template:Sort||Massacres during the Zanzibar Revolution||8,000–17,000||Following the overthrow of the Sultan, thousands of Arabs and Indians were massacred by John Okello's forces.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||University of Texas massacre||16||University of Texas was the site of a massacre by Charles Whitman, who killed his mother and wife at their homes before killing 14 and wounding 32 others at the University atop the university tower before the police killed him.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||My Lai Massacre||504||US soldiers killed 504 unarmed South Vietnamese villagers ranging in ages from 1 to 81 years, mostly women and children.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Tlatelolco massacre||25–350||Government troops massacred between 25 (officially) and 350 (according to human rights activists) students on the eve of the 1968 Summer Olympics taking place in Mexico City, and then tried to wash the blood away, along with evidence of the massacre.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Kent State massacre||4||29 members of the Ohio National Guard opened fire on unarmed students protesting the expansion of the Vietnam War into Cambodia on the Kent State University college campus, killing 4 and wounding 9, one of whom was permanently paralyzed.|
|14||British paratroopers fired on unarmed civil rights protesters, killing 14. The government sponsored Saville Report, released in June 2010, found all those killed were innocent civil rights demonstrators, prompting an apology by UK Prime Minister David Cameron. As of that time, no one had been prosecuted for the killings.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Lod Airport massacre||26||Three members of the Japanese Red Army, on behalf of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, killed 26 people and injured 80 others at Tel Aviv's Lod airport (now Ben Gurion International Airport).|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Munich Massacre||12||Members of the Israeli Olympic team were taken hostage and killed by the Palestinian Black September group. Also killed was a West German police officer.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Ma'alot massacre||29||Members of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine infiltrate Israel from Lebanon, shoot and kill a Christian Arab woman and a Jewish couple and their 4 year old son, and then take hostage and kill 22 high school students and three of their adult escorts.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Miami Showband massacre||5||Members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) killed three members of pop group the Miami Showband in a gun and bomb attack. Two UVF members also died when the bomb exploded prematurely.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Kingsmill massacre||10||Irish republicans shot ten Protestant workers dead outside the village of Kingsmill in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Karantina massacre||1,500||Lebanese Christian militias overrun the Karantina district in East Beirut and kill up to 1,500 people during the Lebanese Civil War.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Damour massacre||582||Palestinian militia aligned with the Lebanese National Movement kill 582 civilians in the village of Damour during the Lebanese Civil War.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Tel al-Zaatar massacre||1,500 to 3000||Lebanese Christian militias enter the Tel al-Zaatar refugee camp and kill up to 3000 people during the Lebanese Civil War.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Coastal Road massacre||35||Palestinian Fatah members based in Lebanon land on a beach north of Tel Aviv, kill an American photographer, and hijack an inter-city bus driving along Israel's Coastal Highway. 35 civilians are killed and 80 wounded.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Tula Massacre||13||13 tortured bodies were found at Tula, Hidalgo,Mexico at the time of Arturo Durazo Moreno Administration|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Tadmor Prison massacre||about 1,000||The massacre occurred the day after a failed attempt to assassinate Syrian president Hafez el-Assad. Members of the units of the Defence Brigades, under the command of Rifaat El Assad, brother of the president, entered in Tadmor Prison and assassinated about a thousand prisoners in the cells and the dormitories.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||El Mozote Massacre||>1,000||The El Mozote Massacre took place in the village of El Mozote, in Morazán department, El Salvador, on December 11, 1981, when Salvadoran armed forces trained by the United States military killed at least 1000 civilians in an anti-guerrilla campaign.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Hama massacre||[dead link]7,000–35,000||The Syrian Army killed an estimated 30,000 people in the city of Hama. Instances of mass execution and torture by the Syrian military were documented during the attacks.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Sabra and Shatila massacre||700–3,500||Refugees are killed by the Christian Lebanese Forces militia in refugee camps surrounded by Israel Defense Forces. The United Nations General Assembly condemned the massacre and declared it to be an act of genocide.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Lucanamarca massacre||69||Maoist Shining Path guerrillas massacre 69 men, women and children with axes, machetes and guns in and around the town of Lucanamarca, Peru.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||San Ysidro McDonald's Massacre||21||Gunman James Oliver Huberty killed 21 people in a McDonald's restaurant before being fatally shot by a SWAT team sniper.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Dujail Massacre||148||Dujail was the site of an unsuccessful assassination attempt against then Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein, on July 8, 1982. Saddam Hussein ordered his special security and military forces to carry out a reprisal attack against the town, imprisoning hundreds of men, women and children. In March 1985, 148 of the town's men were executed.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Accomarca massacre||47–74||An army massacre of campesinos (including six children) in Accomarca, Ayacucho.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Hungerford massacre||16||A gunman armed with semi-automatic rifles and a handgun killed 16 people before committing suicide.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Remembrance Day bombing
(Poppy Day Massacre)
|12||Provisional IRA bombing at the town's cenotaph on Remembrance Sunday.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Milltown massacre||3||Ulster Freedom Fighters member Michael Stone kills three people and injures 60 others in a gun and grenade attack at the funeral of three IRA members being held in Milltown Cemetery, Belfast.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||1988 executions of Iranian political prisoners||4,482–30,000||1988 executions of political prisoners in Iran (Template:Lang-fa) refers to the systematic execution of "thousands" of political prisoners across Iran by the government of Iran, starting on July 19, 1988, and lasting about five months. The majority of the prisoners killed were supporters of the People's Mujahedin of Iran, although thousands of supporters of other groups, including the Fedaian and the Tudeh Party of Iran (Communist Party), were also executed.
The killings have been called "an act of violence unprecedented in Iranian history — unprecedented in form, content, and intensity." The exact number of prisoners executed remains unclear. Amnesty International recorded the names of over 4,482 political prisoners reportedly killed during this time, but Iranian opposition groups suggest that the number of prisoners executed was far higher, and as many as 30,000 prisoners may have been executed.
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Tiananmen Square Massacre||400–3,000||Anti-corruption demonstrations escalated in a clash between the demonstrators and the authorities.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||École Polytechnique massacre||14||Marc Lépine, claiming to fight feminism, shot and killed 14 female students of the École Polytechnique de Montréal and wounded 14 other people before turning his gun on himself. The event led to stricter gun control laws and changes in police tactical response to shootings in Canada.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Eastern University massacre,||158||Eastern University massacre is the massacre of 158 minority Sri Lankan Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Sathurukondan massacre||184||Sathurukondan massacre, also known as the 1990 Batticaloa massacre is the massacre of 184 minority Sri Lankan Tamil civilians by the Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Aramoana massacre||13||The Aramoana massacre occurred on 13 November 1990 in the small seaside township of Aramoana in New Zealand. Lone gunman David Malcolm Gray began shooting indiscriminately at people, killing 13 people before being killed by police himself, allegedly after a dispute with his next door neighbor. It remains New Zealands deadliest criminal shooting.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Luby's massacre||22||George Jo Hennard drove his pickup truck into a Luby's Cafeteria and shot and killed 22 people, wounded another 20 and then committed suicide by shooting himself.|
|November 18–21, 1991||Template:Sort||Vukovar massacre||264||Members of the Serb militias, aided by the Yugoslav People's Army, killed Croat civilians and POWs.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Khojaly Massacre||613||Armenian armed forces, reportedly with help of the Russian 366th Motor Rifle Regiment, raided the town of Khojaly and massacred its Muslim civilian population. The death toll according to the Government of Azerbaijan was 613 civilians, of whom 106 were women and 83 were children.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Boipatong massacre||45||45 African National Congress (ANC) supporters were killed by members of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP).|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Bisho massacre||29||28 African National Congress (ANC) supporters and one soldier were shot dead by the Ciskei Defence Force during a protest march.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Carandiru massacre||111||The massacre was triggered by a prisoner revolt within the prison. The police made little if any effort to negotiate with the prisoners before the military police stormed the building, as the prison riot became more difficult for prison guards to control. The resulting casualties were of 111 prisoners killed.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Brown's Chicken massacre||7||Seven people were murdered at the Brown's Chicken and Pasta in Palatine|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Sivas massacre||33||33 Alevi intellectuals were killed when a mob of radical Islamists set fire to the hotel where the group had assembled.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||St James Church massacre||11||11 People were killed during a church service by Azanian People's Liberation Army (APLA) armed with assault rifles and grenades.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Greysteel massacre||8||Ulster Freedom Fighters (UFF) opened fire in a crowded bar using an AK-47 and automatic pistol. Eight civilians were killed and thirteen wounded.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Yanomami Massacre||16–73||Garimpeiros (illegal gold miners) killed Yanomami people.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Cave of the Patriarchs massacre
(Ibrahimi Mosque massacre)
|29||Baruch Goldstein opens fire with an assault rifle killing 29 Muslims and wounding 150 at prayer in the Ibrahimi Mosque before being subdued and beaten to death.|
|Template:Dts et seq.||Template:Sort||Algerian Village Massacres of the 1990s||>10,000||During the 1990s, many large-scale massacres of villagers in Algeria were perpetrated by groups attacking villages at night and cutting the throats of the inhabitants. The Armed Islamic Group (GIA) has avowed its responsibility for many of them. The massacres peaked in 1997 (with a smaller peak in 1994). There are allegations reported by the BBC that government infiltrators spurred the GIA to higher levels of violence in order to discredit them. According to a few reports former Algerian army officer, Habib Souaidia testified to his government's involvement of the massacres. The differing accounts are not yet reconciled.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Shell House massacre||19||Security guards of the African National Congress (ANC) fired on 20,000 Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) marchers.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Loughinisland massacre||6||Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) opened fire in a crowded bar using assault rifles, killing six civilians and wounding five.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Beit Lid massacre||22||First suicide attack by Palestinian Islamic Jihad, killing 22 and wounding 69. Carried out by two bombers; the second waited until emergency crews arrived to assist the wounded and dying before detonating his bomb.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Srebrenica massacre||8,000||Units of the Army of the Republika Srpska killed male Bosniaks|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Dunblane massacre||17||A gunman opened fire in a primary school, killing sixteen children and one teacher before killing himself.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Port Arthur massacre||35||The Port Arthur massacre of 28 April 1996 was a killing spree which claimed the lives of 35 people and wounded 21 others mainly at the historic tourist site Port Arthur in south-eastern Tasmania, Australia. The massacre remains Australia's deadliest mass killing spree and remains one of the deadliest such incidents worldwide in recent times.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Qana Massacre||106||Israeli artillery struck the Unifil Headquarters in Qana which was providing shelter to approximately two hundred Lebanese civilians. The Israeli military said the strike was in error and that they were not targeting the U.N. shelter.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Ghulja Massacre||>9||After two days of protests during which the protesters had marched shouting "God is great" and "independence for Xinjiang" the demonstrations were crushed by the People's Liberation Army. Official reports put the death toll at 9 while dissident reports estimated the number killed at more than 100.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Luxor massacre||64||Massacre carried out by Egyptian Islamist militants, in which 64 people (including 59 visiting tourists) were killed using automatic weapons and machetes.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Acteal Massacre||45||Massacre carried out by paramilitary forces of 45 people attending a prayer meeting of indigenous townspeople, who were members of the pacifist group Las Abejas ("The Bees"), in the village of Acteal, municipality of Chenalhó, in the Mexican state of Chiapas.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Columbine High School massacre||15||Two teenagers, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold open fire on their classmates on April 20, 1999 at Columbine High School, killing 12 students and one teacher before committing suicide.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Nanoor massacre||11||Killing of 11 landless labourers allegedly by activists of Communist Party of India (Marxist), a political party in India, in Suchpur, near Nanoor and under Nanoor police station, in Birbhum district in the Indian state of West Bengal.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Bat Mitzvah massacre||6||An attack carried out in January 2002 by al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades in which a Palestinian gunman hurling grenades killed six and wounded 33 in a Bat Mitzvah celebration, a traditional Jewish celebration held for a 12-year-old girl.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Passover massacre||30||Killing of 30 guests at the Park Hotel in Netanya, Israel, sitting down to the traditional Passover Seder meal. Another 143 were injured. Hamas claimed responsibility.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Gulbarg Society massacre||69||During the 2002 Gujarat riots, a mob attacked the Gulbarg Society, a lower middle-class Muslim neighbourhood in Chamanpura, Ahmedabad. Most of the houses were burnt, and at least 35 victims including a former Congress, Member of Parliament, Ehsan Jafri, were burnt alive, while 31 others went missing after the incident, later presumed dead, bringing the total of the dead to 69.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Beslan School Massacre||334||Armed Chechen separatists took more than 1,200 people hostage at a school. 334 civilians were killed, including 186 school children, and hundreds wounded.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Andijan massacre||300–500||Uzbek Interior Ministry and National Security Service troops fired into a crowd of protesters.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Capitol Hill massacre||6||28-year-old Kyle Aaron Huff entered a rave afterparty in the southeast part of Seattle's Capitol Hill neighborhood and opened fire, killing six and wounding two, before committing suicide.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Virginia Tech Massacre||32||Gunman Seung-Hui Cho, killed 32 people and wounded many others before committing suicide. The massacre is the deadliest peacetime shooting incident by a single gunman in United States history, on or off a school campus.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||28 September Massacre||157||Guinean uniformed security forces opened fire on a political rally trapped in the 28 September Stadium.|
|Template:Dts||Template:Sort||Fort Hood Massacre
(Fort Hood shooting)
|13||Gunman Malik Nadal Hasan, a Major in the US Army, allegedly killed 12 soldiers and one civilian, and wounded at least 30 on the base at Ft. Hood. Initial reports indicate Hassan was upset at being deployed to Iraq.|
||57||A group of 100 armed men, alleged to include police and private militia led by Andal Ampatuan, Jr., stopped a convoy of five cars transporting Genalyn Tiamzon-Mangudadatu, the wife of Esmael Mangudadatu, who is running for provincial governor in the 2010 Philippine elections. She was en-route to the town of Shariff Aguak to file a certificate of candidacy for her husband, accompanied by his sisters, other supporters, and members of the press. The attackers kidnapped and later killed all members of the Mangudadatu group; reports state that women in the group were raped before being killed. Five other people not part of the group, in a car behind the convoy, were also kidnapped and killed.|
|40x40px||Look up massacre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Hamidian massacres
- List of Algerian massacres of the 1990s
- List of battles and other violent events by death toll
- List of mass murderers and spree killers by number of victims
- List of mass car bombings
- List of massacres at sea
- List of massacres of Indigenous Australians
- List of massacres in the Kosovo War
- List of postal killings
- List of school-related attacks
- List of murderers by number of victims
- Mass murder
- School shooting
- Spree killer
Notes and references
- Oxford English Dictionary Massacre, n.
- Oxford English Dictionary Massacre, v.
- Saint Paul in Britain Or, The Origin Of British As Opposed To Papal Christianity by Rev. R. W. Morgan
- Pillar in the Wilderness by Benjamin John
- John Julius Norwich (1989). Byzantium: The Early Centuries. New York: Knopf. pp. 112. ISBN [[Special:BookSources/0394537785, Template:Oclc|0394537785, Template:Oclc]]., "…and 7,000 were dead by morning..." (Page 139)
- Edward Gibbon, D. M. Low (1960). The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. New York: Harcourt Brace. pp. ch. 27 2:56. Template:Oclc.
- Ann Williams (2003). Æthelred the Unready: The Ill-Counselled King. London: Hambledon and London. pp. 54. ISBN [[Special:BookSources/1-85258-382-4, Template:Oclc|1-85258-382-4, Template:Oclc]]. "It is usually assumed that this story relates to the St Brice's Day massacre …" (Page 55)
- Simon Hall (1998). The Hutchinson Illustrated Encyclopedia of British History. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. pp. 297. ISBN 1-57958-107-2. "1002 St Brice's Day massacre; Danes in England were killed on order of King Ethelred." (Page 340)
- Staff. Saint Brices Day massacre, Encyclopædia Britannica, Accessed 26 December 2007
- Lucien Gubbay (1999). Sunlight and Shadow: The Jewish Experience of Islam. New York: Other Press. pp. 80. ISBN 1-892746-69-7. " It should be noted though that the Granada massacre of 1066 was the first instance of persecution of Jews in Muslim Spain, which had enjoyed an almost unblemished record of tolerance for the preceding 350 years." (Page 80)
- Norman Roth (1994). Jews, Visigoths, and Muslims in Medieval Spain: Cooperation and Conflict. Netherlands: E. J. Brill. pp. 110. ISBN 90-04-09971-9. " Assuming that he was at least ten years old, however, it is again surprising that no more personal recollection of the Granada massacre is found in his writing…" (Page 110)
- [[Richard Gottheil |Gottheil, Richard]]; [[Meyer Kayserling |Kayserling, Meyer]]. Granada. G (1906 ed.). Jewish Encyclopedia. http://jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=412&letter=G&search=Granada. "More than 1,500 Jewish families, numbering 4,000 persons, fell in one day, Ṭebet 9 (= Dec. 30), 1066."
- Daud, Abraham Ibd (2007). "On Samuel Ha-Nagid, Vizier of Granada, 993-d after 1056". Medieval Sourcebook. Paul Halsall. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/ha-nagid.html. Retrieved 2009-03-11. He was proud to his own hurt, and the Berber princes were jealous of him, with the result that on the Sabbath, on the 9th of Tebet in the year 4827 [Saturday, December 30, 1066], he and the Community of Granada were murdered.
- The Cambridge Illustrated History of the Middle Ages: 950-1250. Cambridge University Press. 1986. pp. 507–508. ISBN 0521266451.
- Lane A. Beck (1995). Regional Approaches to Mortuary Analysis. New York: Plenum Press. pp. 231. ISBN 0-306-44931-5.
- Michal Strutin (1999). A Guide to Contemporary Plains Indians. Tucson, Arizona: Southwest Parks and Monuments Association. pp. 37. ISBN 1-877856-80-0.
- Staff. The Crow Creek Massacre www.nebraskastudies.org
- Staff, Crow Creek Massacre, University of South Dakota
- Lauritz Weibull. "Nordisk historia. Forskningar och undersökningar. Del III. Från Erik den helige till Karl XII", Stockholm 1949, p. 160–163
- González, Justo K., The Story of Christianity: Volume Two – The Reformation to the Present Day, HarperCollins Publishers, 1984, p. 92, ISBN 0-06-063316-6
- Gjerset, Knut, History of the Norwegian People, Volume 2 MacMillan Co., 1915, pp. 111–114, ISBN 978-0404028183
- Riis, Jacob A., Hero Tales of the Far North, Project Gutenberg, 2004
- Change and Development in the Middle East: essays in honour of W.B. Fisher, John Innes Clarke, Howard Bowen-Jones, 1981, p.290
- The Heritage of Armenian Literature, A. J. (Agop Jack) Hacikyan, Nourhan Ouzounian, Gabriel Basmajian, Edward S. Franchuk, 2000, p.777
- "Turkey" by Edward Shepherd Creasy, Page 195
- Eric Solsten, ed. Cyprus: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1991.
- Alastair Armstrong (2003). France, 1500–1715. London: Heinemann Education Publishers. pp. 65. ISBN 0435327518.
- Reinhard Bendix (1978). Kings Or People: Power and the Mandate to Rule. Tucson, Arizona: University of California Press. pp. 324. ISBN 0-520-04090-2.
- Staff. Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre, Columbia Encyclopedia, Questia Online Library
- Staff, Massacre of Saint Bartholomews Day (French history), Encyclopædia Britannica, Accessed 23 December 2007
- Saint Bartholomew's Day Massacre, CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA
- Massacre of Smerwick article, The Enyclopedia of Irealand, p. 998, Gill & Macmillan, 2003
- Janell Broyles, A Timeline of the Jamestown Colony, p. 22, The Rosen Publishing Group, 2004
- Alfred Abioseh Jarrett, The Impact of Macro Social Systems on Ethnic Minorities in the United States, Page 29, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000
- Bolton history
- Lonely Planet
- John Tincey, Marston Moor 1644: The Beginning Of The End: Osprey Publishing (March 11, 2003) ISBN 1841763349 p 33 "the `massacre at Bolton' became a staple of Parliamentarian propaganda"
- Oxford English Dictionary Cites "a1715 BP. G. BURNET Hist. Own Time (1734) II. 156 The Massacre in Glencoe, made still a great noise." and "1957 ‘H. MACDIARMID’ Battle Continues 1 Franco has made no more horrible shambles Than this poem of Campbell's, The foulest outrage his breed has to show Since the massacre of Glencoe!"
- Glencoe, engraved by W. Miller after J.M.W. Turner, Edinburgh University library
- St. George's Field Riot
- Zobel, The Boston Massacre, W.W.Norton and Co.(1970), 199–200.
- Boston Massacre – Britannica Online Encyclopedia
- Boston Massacre
- Kenn Harper A Day in Arctic History: July 17, 1771 — Slaughter at Bloody Falls, Nunatsiaq News, 29 July 2005
- Robin McGrath. Samuel Hearne And The Inuit Oral Tradition, University of New Brunswick, libraries Accessed 23 December 2007
- Staff, Samuel Hearne and David Thompson, trekking in the footsteps, HighBeam Research, (From: Manitoba History Society| Date: 6/1/2005| Author: Binning, Alexander)
- Bloody Falls, The Canadian Encyclopedia
- Wright, Kevin W.. "OVERKILL: Revolutionary War Reminiscences of River Vale". Bergen County Historical Society. http://www.bergencountyhistory.org/Pages/baylormassacre.html. Retrieved 2008-10-31.
- Buford's Massacre
- "Gnadenhutten Massacre". Ohio History Central. http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=499. Retrieved June 5, 2009.
- Gnadenhutten Massacre (United States history) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia
- David Andress, The Terror: The Merciless War for Freedom in Revolutionary France, Chapter 4, Macmillan, 2006
- Dwyer, Phillip and McPhee, Peter (2002). The French Revolution and Napoleon: A Sourcebook. Routledge. pp. 66. ISBN 978-0415199070.
- "New plaque for massacre memorial", BBC, 17 August 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2008.
- McCarthy, Justin (1996). Death and Exile: The Ethnic Cleansing of Ottoman Muslims, 1821–1922. Darwin Press, Incorporated. ISBN 0878500944. http://books.google.com/books?id=MDoFR3UJOSgC
- National Centre for History Education (Australia)
- "Frontier Conflict: The Australian Experience", Bruce Elder, Sydney Morning Herald, March 29, 2003
- "Myall Creek Massacre", Parliament of New South Wales Hansard, June 8, 2000
- FAQ "What was the Haun's Mill Massacre?" – Brigham Young University website (abstracted from "Haun's Mill Massacre," in Encyclopedia of Mormonism, ed. Daniel H. Ludlow, New York: Macmillan, 1992)
- Historical Record, Jenson, Vol. 7 & 8, p 671.
- History of the Church, Vol. III, pp 182–186.
- Gardner, P.D. (2001), Gippsland massacres: the destruction of the Kurnai tribes, 1800-1860, Ngarak Press, Essay, Victoria ISBN 1-875254-31-5
- Gippsland Settlers and the Kurnai Dead - Patrick Morgan – Quadrant Magazine
- Afghan and Northwest Border Wars 1834 to 1897
- Summary: the First Anglo-Afghan War, 1838–42
- Massacre of Elphinstone's army
- Staff. Snake River Massacre Account by One of the Survivors, Oregon Historical Society, 2002.
- Shannon, Donald H. (2004). The Boise Massacre. pp 73–102. Caldwell, ID: Snake Country Publishing. ISBN 0-9635828-1-X
- Carleton, James Henry (1902). (Special Report on the Mountain Meadows Massacre. Washington: Government Printing Office. pp. 126. http://books.google.com/?id=MBYiwjNst6EC.
- Thompson, Jacob (1860). Message of the President of the United States: communicating, in compliance with a resolution of the Senate, information in relation to the massacre at Mountain Meadows, and other massacres in Utah Territory, 36th Congress, 1st Session, Exec. Doc. No. 42. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior. http://www.archive.org/details/messageofpreside00unitrich..
- Bagley, Will (2002). Blood of the Prophets: Brigham Young and the Massacre at Mountain Meadows. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-3426-7..
- Roger A. Hall. Performing the American Frontier, 1870–1906, Published by Cambridge University Press, 2001, ISBN 0521793203. p 93
- Bancroft, Hubert Howe; Bates, Alfred (1889). The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft: History of Utah, 1540–1886. San Francisco: History Company. pp. 868. LCC F826.B2 1889, LCCN 07018413. http://books.google.com/?id=2OwNAAAAIAAJ.(Chapter XX. pp 562–563) (Internet Archive versions).
- Unruh, John D (1993). The Plains Across the Overland Emigrants and Trans-Mississippi West 1840–1860. University of Illinois Press. pp. 195. ISBN 978-0252063602.
- Shannon, Donald H. (2004). The Boise Massacre. pp 177–196. Caldwell, ID: Snake Country Publishing. ISBN 0-9635828-1-X
- Shannon, Donald H. (2004). The Boise Massacre. pp 197–222. Caldwell, ID: Snake Country Publishing. ISBN 0-9635828-1-X
- Unruh, John D (1993). The Plains Across the Overland Emigrants and Trans-Mississippi West 1840–1860. University of Illinois Press. pp. 149–150. ISBN 978-0252063602.
- Shannon, Donald H. (2004). The Utter Distaster. Caldwell, ID: Snake Country Publishing. ISBN 0-9635828-2-8
- Paludan, Philip S. 1981. Victims: A True Story of the Civil War. Knoxville, TN: The University of Tennessee Press. 144 p.
- Brigham D. Madsen (with forward by Charles S. Peterson), The Shoshoni Frontier and the Bear River Massacre, University of Utah Press (1985-hardcover 1995-paperback), trade paperback, 286 pages, pp. 190–192, ISBN 0-87480-494-9
- Pages 183 to 194, The Shoshoni Frontier and the Bear River Massacre, by Brigham D. Madsen, forward by Charles S. Peterson, University of Utah Press (1985-hardcover 1995-paperback), trade paperback, 286 pages, ISBN 0-87480-494-9
- William Quantrill and the Lawrence Massacre
- Lawrence (Kansas, United States)
- The Bloodiest Man In American History
- Erastus D. Ladd's Description of the Lawrence Massacre, by Russell E. Bidlack, Summer 1963
- "Chapter 14 Winning the West The Army in the Indian Wars". American Military History, Volume I. United States Army Center of Military HIstory. 2005. CMH Pub 30-21. http://www.history.army.mil/books/AMH-V1/ch14.htm.
- "Inquiry into the Sand Creek Massacre, November, 1864." The Wynkoop Family Research Library. Rootsweb.com: Freepages. Retrieved on 2008-02-19.
- Hoig, Stan. (1977). The Sand Creek Massacre. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0-8061-1147-6
- ABC-CLIO Schools | Washita Massacre
- Andrist, Ralph K., The Long Death: The Last Days of the Plains Indians, University of Oklahoma Press, 2001, 371 pages, pp 157–162, ISBN 978-0806133089
- Brown, Dee, Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, Henry Holt and Co., 2007, 487 pages, pp 167–169, ISBN 978-0-8050-8684-3
- Churchill, Ward, A Little Matter of Genocide: Holocaust and Denial in the Americas, 1492 to the Present, City Lights, 1997, 381 pages, p 236, ISBN 978-0-87286-323-1
- Colorado Humanities | Sand Creek Memorial and Washita Sites
- ExploreSouthernHistory.com - Washita Battlefield, Oklahoma
- Giago, Tim - Honoring Those Who Died at Washita
- Native American Netroots | The 140th Anniversary of the Washita Massacre of Nov. 27, 1868
- PBS - THE WEST - Washita
- The Saint Francis Herald, "Cherry Creek Massacre recognized in magazine", St. Francis, KS, November 17, 2005
- Zeman, Scott C., Chronology of the American West from 23,000 B.C.E. through the Twentieth Century, ABC-CLIO, 2002, 381 pages, p 155, ISBN 978-1-57607-207-3
- Greenway, Paul. (2002). Bulgaria: Centuries of History Ripe for Discovery. P141. Lonely Planet. ISBN 1864501480
- Bousfield, Jonathan. (2002). The Rough Guide to Bulgaria. P352. Rough Guides. ISBN 1858288827
- Crampton, R.J. (2007). Bulgaria. P92. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198205147
- 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica: Bulgaria, History
- John Chaput (2007). "Frog Lake Massacre". The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. University of Regina and Canadian Plains Research Center. http://esask.uregina.ca/entry/frog_lake_massacre.html. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- W. B. Cameron, "Massacre at Frog Lake", University of Alberta Libraries, response by W. B. Cameron to "Massacre at Frog Lake", Edmonton Journal, 4 April 1939, accessed 2 August 2009
- Camp Pilot Butte, National Register of Historic Places.
- Larson, History of Wyoming, pp. 141–44.
- Daniels, Asian America, pp. 61–63.
- Ostler, Jeffrey, Conquest and the State, 65 Pacific Hist. Rev. 217, 248 n.52 (1996)(collecting estimates)
- National Historic Landmarks Program: Wounded Knee National Park Service. Retrieved on 19 February 2008.
- The Wounded Knee Massacre
- Charny, Israel W. (1999). Encyclopedia of genocide (illustrated ed.). ABC-CLIO. pp. 287. ISBN 0874369282, 9780874369281. "also known as the Hamidian Massacres, after the sultan", distinguishing the current name from what the events were previously known as: the Armenian Massacres.
- Cohan, Sara (October 2005). "A Brief History of the Armenian Genocide". Social Education (National Science Teachers Association, 1840 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22201-3000) v69 (n6): 333. ISSN 0037-7724. "They are now known as the Hamidian Massacres"
- Totten, Samuel; Paul Robert Bartrop, Steven L. Jacobs (2008). Dictionary of genocide. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 23. ISBN 0313346429, 9780313346422. "they are now often called the Hamidian massacres to distinguish them from the greater attrocities associated with the 1915 Armenian Genocide"
- Western Cape Institute for Historical Research (1993-01-01). "Kronos". Kronos (University of the Western Cape) Issues 20–22: 57–60. http://books.google.com/?id=WR5zAAAAMAAJ.
- Mark Twain, Weapons of Satire, pp. 168–178, Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, NY 1992
- American Troops Killing Muslims: A Massacre to Remember, by Christine Gibson, AmericanHeritage.com, March 8, 2006
- Byler, Charles A. Pacifying the Moros; Military Review, May–June, 2005
- Creelman, James (August 22, 1909). "The Slaughter of Christians In Asia Minor". The New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F00812FF3F5A15738DDDAB0A94D0405B898CF1D3.
- Akcam, Taner. A Shameful Act. 2006, page 69–70: "fifteen to twenty thousand Armenians were killed"
- "30,000 Killed in Massacres". The New York Times. April 25, 1909. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F50C10F93C5A15738DDDAC0A94DC405B898CF1D3.
- Century of Genocide: Eyewitness Accounts and Critical Views By Samuel. Totten, William S. Parsons, Israel W. Charny
- Walker, 1980, pp.182–88
- American Experience | The Rockefellers | Special Features | The Ludlow Massacre (PBS)
- The Ludlow Massacre | United Mine Workers of America
- Zinn, H. "The Ludlow Massacre", Excerpt from A People's History of the United States. pgs 346–349.
- Staff. Radio 4: This Sceptred Isle: Empire: Amritsar, Episode 83 – 07/06/06, BBC,
- Massacre-of-Amritsar, Encyclopædia Britannica, Accessed 15 February 2008
- T. Ryle Dwyer, The Squad and the intelligence operations of Michael Collins, Dublin, 2005
- David Leeson, "Death in the Afternoon: The Croke Park Massacre, 21 November 1920," Canadian Journal of History, vol. 38, no. 1 (April 2003)
- Florida Department of State, State Library & Archives of Florida, Rosewood Bibliography http://dlis.dos.state.fl.us/fgils/rosewood_bib.html
- Federal Bureau of Investigation – Freedom of Information Privacy Act
- Al Capone: Chicago's Most Infamous Mob Boss – The Crime library
- Schoenberg, Shira, "The Hebron Massacre of 1929", Jewish Virtual Library, Retrieved March 3, 2010
- "Safed Victims Put at 70 Killed and Wounded", New York Times, September 1, 1929
- Safed Massacre of 1929
- Habib, Irfan (September – October 1997). "Civil Disobedience 1930–31". Social Scientist (Social Scientist) 25 (9–10): 43–66. doi:10.2307/3517680. http://jstor.org/stable/3517680. Retrieved 2007-12-03.
- Johansen, Robert C. (1997). "Radical Islam and Nonviolence: A Case Study of Religious Empowerment and Constraint Among Pashtuns". Journal of Peace Research 34 (1): 53–71. doi:10.1177/0022343397034001005.
- 19 Were killed including 2 policemen caught in the cross-fire The Washington Post. Tuesday, December 28, 1999; Page A03. Apology Isn't Enough for Puerto Rico Spy Victims Retrieved July 8, 2009.
- Biggest Massacre in Puerto Rican History Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- Honda Katsuichi, The Nanjing Massacre, M.E. Sharp 1998
- Fordham University webpage: Modern History Sourcebook
- Matthew White Nanking Massacre, Accessed December 17, 2007. Cites eight sources directly and another ten indirectly. Lowest estimate Spence, The Search for Modern China: 42,000. Highest estimate Iris Chang, The Rape of Nanking (1997), citing James Yin & Shi Young: 400,000
- Justin Harmon Student-Run Conference to Examine Nanking Massacre, Princeton University, November 12, 1997
- John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr. In Denial: Historians, Communism, and Espionage. Encounter Books, 2003. ISBN 1-893554-72-4 p. 22
- Aleksandr Shelepin's March 3, 1959 note to Khrushchev, with information about the execution of 21,857 Poles and with the proposal to destroy their personal files. Online
- Beria's March 1940 proposal to shoot 25,700 Poles from Kozelsk, Ostashkov, and Starobels camps, and from certain prisons of Western Ukraine and Belarus bearing Stalin's signature (among others). proposal online
- Fischer, Benjamin B., "The Katyn Controversy: Stalin's Killing Field", Studies in Intelligence, Winter 1999–2000
- Staff, Katyn Massacre, Encyclopædia Britannica, Accessed 23 December 2007
- Robert Gellately. Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe. Knopf, 2007 ISBN 1400040051 p. 391
- Template:En icon Richard Rhodes (2002). Masters of Death: The SS-Einsatzgruppen and the Invention of the Holocaust. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 0-375-40900-9.
- Staff. The Holocaust Chronicle: Massacre at Babi Yar, The Holocaust Chronicle web site, Access 17 December 2007
- Victoria Khiterer (2004). "Babi Yar: The tragedy of Kiev's Jews" (PDF). Brandeis Graduate Journal 2: 1–16. Archived from the original on November 28, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20071128164646/http://www.brandeis.edu/gsa/gradjournal/2004/khiterer2004.pdf. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
- "A survivor of the Babi Yar massacre". Heritage: Civilization and the Jews. Public Broadcasting System (PBS). http://www.pbs.org/wnet/heritage/episode8/documents/documents_13.html. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
- Wolfram Wette (2006). The Wehrmacht: History, Myth, Reality. Harvard University Press. p. 112. "The massacre at Babi Yar, near Kiev, which claimed the lives of more than thirty thousand Jewish victims on September 29 and 30, 1941, was the largest single mass killing for which the German army was responsible during its campaign against the Soviet Union."
- Jill Dougherty and Jim Bittermann (2001-06-25). "Pope visits Jewish massacre site". CNN. http://edition.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/europe/06/25/pope.babiyar/index.html. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
- Saff Fall of Ambon: Massacred at Laha, Australia's War 1939-145 An Australian government website.
- Peter Stanley The defence of the 'Malay barrier': Rabaul and Ambon, January 1942 principal historian to Australian War Memorial
- Times dispatch (March 28, 1953). Mau Mau Massacres 150 Natives In Night Raid Near Kenya Capital. New York Times. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30614F9345E177B93CAAB1788D85F478585F9.
- Stephen Corradini (1999). Chief Luka and the Lari Massacre: Contrary Notions of Kikuyu Land Tenure and the Mau Mau War. University of Wisconsin-Madison. pp. 154. ISBN 0942615492. http://books.google.com/?id=7eIUAAAACAAJ.
- Katerina Zachovalova. War Crime To War Game, Time, September 17
- David Vaughan. The Lidice massacre – atrocity and courage website of Czech Radio, 11 June 2002
- Lidice memorial
- Matthew J. Gibney, Randall Hansen, Immigration and Asylum, page 204
- Timothy Snyder. (2003)The Causes of Ukrainian-Polish Ethnic Cleansing 1943, The Past and Present Society: Oxford University Press. pg. 220
- Tadeusz Piotrowski, Poland's holocaust. Published by McFarland. Page 247
- Staff, Italy convicts Nazis of massacre BBC, 13 January 2007
- Richard Owen. Ten convicted for 1944 massacre, The Times, 15 January 2007
- Oradour Info – Oradour-sur-Glane 10th June 1944
- The Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre
- The Second World War – The massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane
- – Robin Mackness's book, 'Oradour Massacre and Aftermath'
- Amazon – Massacre at Oradour – by Robin Mackness – ISBN 978-0394570020
- Oxford Journals – Massacre at Oradour, France, 1944 by Stephanie Hare-Cuming
- Martyred Village: Commemorating the 1944 Massacre at Oradour-sur-Glane. Sarah Farmer, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999. xvii + 300 pp. ISBN 978-0-520-21186-5.
- The Malmedy Massacre Revisited – Henri Rogister, Joseph Dejardin et Emile Jamar – Website du C.R.I.B.A. (Centre de Recherches et d'Informations sur la Bataille des Ardennes) 
- Goldstein, Donald M.; J. Michael Wenger, Katherine V. Dillon (1997). Nuts! the Battle of the Bulge (illustrated ed.). Brassey's. pp. 91. ISBN 1574882791, 9781574882797.
- *A 1961 Massacre of Algerians in Paris When the Media Failed the Test James J. Napoli
- Yves Courrière, La guerre d'Algérie, tome 1 (Les fils de la Toussaint), Fayard, Paris 1969, ISBN 2213611181
- * Jean Louis Planche, Sétif 1945, histoire d'un massacre annoncé, Perrin, Paris 2006
- Ialanders still mourn April 3 massacre Jeju weekly
- Ghosts Of Cheju Newsweek
- # B. Morris, The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited, Cambridge University Press, 2004. pp481,487,501,502.
- An article (no title given) by R. Barkan from the Mapam newspaper Al Hamishmar, quoting a letter from eyewitness Dov Yirmiya and the Jewish Agency's response, translated in the Journal of Palestine Studies, vol. VII, no. 4 (summer 1978), no. 28, pp. 143-145.
- http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/8023945.stm Malay massacre evidence to be reviewed by the UK government
- BBC Malaysia Correspondent's account
- Only one reference names this as "the Batang Massacre" rather than just a massacre at Batang
- "민간인학살 울산-문경 두 판결문 비교". 경남도민일보. 2009-02-16. http://www.idomin.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=279392. Retrieved 2010-07-08.Template:Ko icon
- "두 민간인 학살 사건, 상반된 판결 왜 나왔나?'울산보도연맹' - '문경학살사건' 판결문 비교분석해 봤더니...". OhmyNews. 2009-02-17. http://www.ohmynews.com/NWS_Web/view/at_pg.aspx?CNTN_CD=A0001070694. Retrieved 2010-07-08.Template:Ko icon
- South Korea owns up to brutal past Sydney Morning Herald
- "More than 600,000, less than 1,200,000! 최소 60만명, 최대 120만명!". The Hankyoreh Plus. http://h21.hani.co.kr/section-021003000/2001/06/021003000200106200364040.html.Template:Ko icon
- U.S. Policy Was to Shoot Korean Refugees Associated Press
- Soldiers scale Hill 303 in honor of fallen comrades 8th United States Army
- "강화교동도 학살•1 '우익단체가 주민 212명 총살' 공식확인 유족 주장 사실로…". Kyeongin Ilbo. 2006-02-28. http://www.kyeongin.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=229411#. Retrieved 2010-07-12.Template:Ko icon
- "강화지역 민간인 학살 희생자 고유제 및 추모제". Incheon Ilbo. 2009-10-20. http://incheon.kdlp.org/home2007/bbs/board.php?bo_table=c01_01&wr_id=2084&page=4. Retrieved 2010-07-12.Template:Ko icon
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- "편히 영면하소서!'..거창사건 희생자 위령제". Chosun Ilbo. 2009-04-17. http://www.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2009/04/17/2009041701135.html. Retrieved 2010-07-11.Template:Ko icon
- "South Africa: The Sharpeville Massacre". Time. 1960-04-04. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,869441-2,00.html. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
- The Sharpeville Massacre – A watershed in South Africa
- Alessandra Stanley, Russian General Campaigns On Old-Time Soviet Values The New York Times, 13 October 1995
- Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev. A Century of Violence in Soviet Russia. Yale University Press, 2002. ISBN 0300087608 p. 228
- Alexander Nikolaevich Yakovlev. A Century of Violence in Soviet Russia. Yale University Press, 2002. ISBN 0300087608 p. 226
- http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/SOD.TAB15.1F.GIF Line 3335
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- "AIDS and Religious Practice in Africa", Felicitas Becker, Wenzel Geissler, p. 123, Volume 36 of Studies on religion in Africa
- Staff. Murder in the name of war – My Lai, BBC, July 20, 1998
- "The My Lai Massacre", PBS Online, March 29, 2005
- Former Mexican president sheds light on 1968 massacre, CNN, 4 February 1998
- Mexican Court Issues Warrant for Former President
- Mexico Digs at Last for Truth About 1968 Massacre
- John Lang (2000-05-04). "The day the Vietnam War came home". Scripps Howard News service. http://archive.southcoasttoday.com/daily/04-00/04-30-00/a09wn031.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-09.
- "These would be the first of many probes into what soon became known as the Kent State Massacre. Like the Boston Massacre almost exactly two hundred years before (March 5, 1770), which it resembled, it was called a massacre not for the number of its victims but for the wanton manner in which they were shot down." Philip Caputo (2005-05-04). "The Kent State Shootings, 35 Years Later". NPR. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4630596. Retrieved 2007-11-09.
- Rep. Tim Ryan (2007-05-04). "Congressman Tim Ryan Gives Speech at 37th Commemoration of Kent State Massacre". Congressional website of Rep. Tim Ryan (D-Ohio). http://timryan.house.gov/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=160&Itemid=48. Retrieved 2007-11-09.
- McCann, Eamonn (2006). The Bloody Sunday Inquiry – The Families Speak Out. London: Pluto Press. pp. 4–6. ISBN 0-7453-2510-6.
- Walker, Christopher; Barkham, Patrick (October 17, 2002). "Killing of 14 was not justified, says Bloody Sunday soldier". The Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article1171893.ece. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
- Feemster, Ron (March 7, 2002). "Fitting Bloody Sunday Into the Present". The New York Times: p. 1. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/03/07/technology/fitting-bloody-sunday-into-the-present.html?pagewanted=1. Retrieved July 22, 2009.
- "Bloody Sunday killings 'unjustified and unjustifiable'", BBC News, June 15, 2010, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/northern_ireland/10320609.stm, retrieved June 15, 2010
- "In what became known as the Lod Airport Massacre three members of the terrorist group, Japanese Red Army, arrived at the airport aboard an Air France flight from Paris. Once inside the airport they grabbed automatic firearms from their carry-on cases and fired at airport staff and visitors. In the end, 26 people died and 80 people were injured." CBC News, The Fifth Estate, "Fasten Your Seatbelts: Ben Gurion Airport in Israel", 2007. Accessed June 2, 2008.
- "The short-term impact of the Lod Airport massacre as a precursor to Munich..." Stephen Sloan, John C. Bersia, J. B. Hill. Terrorism: The Present Threat in Context, Berg Publisher, 2006, p. 50. ISBN 1845203445
- "Two years later, just before the Lod Airport massacre, authorities uncovered the bodies of 14 young men and women on remote Mount Haruna, 70 miles northwest of Tokyo." "Again the Red Army", TIME, August 18, 1975.
- "Those named by Lebanese officials as having been arrested included at least three Red Army members who have been wanted for years by Japanese authorities, most notably Kozo Okamoto, 49, the only member of the attacking group who survived the Lod Airport massacre." "Lebanon Seizes Japanese Radicals Sought in Terror Attacks", The New York Times, February 19, 1997.
- "They were responsible for the Lod Airport massacre in Israel in 1972, which was committed on behalf of the PFLP." Jeffrey D. Simon, The Terrorist Trap: America's Experience with Terrorism, Indiana University Press, p. 324. ISBN 0253214777
- CBS News (2002-09-05). "Munich Massacre Remembered". http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2002/09/05/world/main520865.shtml..
- Wolff, Alexander (2002-02-09). "When The Terror Began". Time Magazine (Sep. 2, 2002). Archived from the original on 2004-12-10. http://web.archive.org/web/20041210232155/http://www.time.com/time/europe/magazine/2002/0902/munich/index.html. Retrieved 2010-05-08..
- Sources describing the event as a "massacre":
- "The day after the Ma'alot massacre, condemned by Pope Paul VI and most Western leaders as "an evil outrage," ..." Frank Gervasi. Thunder Over the Mediterranean, McKay, 1975, p. 443.
- "The previous day Israel had been traumatized by the Ma'alot massacre, which had resulted in the deaths of numerous schoolchildren." William B. Quandt. Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 1967, Brookings Institution Press, 2001, p. 432.
- "Faced with a public outcry over the Ma'alot massacre, they demanded of Syria a pledge to forbid terrorist to cross the Golan into Israel." Milton Viorst. Sands of Sorrow: Israel's Journey from Independence, I.B.Tauris, 1987, p. 192.
- "...Organization (PLO) crimes, like the massacre of Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic Games in 1972 and the Ma'alot massacre of children in 1974." Richard J. Chasdi. Tapestry of Terror: A Portrait of Middle East Terrorism, 1994–1999, Lexington Books, 2002, p. 6.
- "The PFLP was responsible for the Ma'alot massacre on May IS, 1974 during which 22 Israeli children were killed." Alex Peter Schmid, A. J. Jongman, Michael Stohl. Political Terrorism: A New Guide to Actors, Authors, Concepts, Data Bases, Theories, & Literature, Transaction Publishers, 2005, p. 639.
- "On 22 November 1974, six months after the Ma'alot massacre, the United Nations General Assembly voted to accept the Palestine Liberation Organisation as an..." Martin Gilbert. The Jews in the Twentieth Century: An Illustrated History, Schocken Books, 2001, p. 327.
- Khoury, Jack. "U.S. filmmakers plan documentary on Ma'alot massacre", Haaretz, March 07, 2007.
- Donna Carton (11 December 2005). "Miami Showband massacre files to stay under wraps". Sunday Mirror. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4161/is_20051211/ai_n15919127. Retrieved 2008-02-05.
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- "Miami Showband Memorial Unveiled". 4NI.co.uk. 10 December 2007. http://www.4ni.co.uk/northern_ireland_news.asp?id=69567. Retrieved 2008-02-05.
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- Staff. 1976: Ten dead in Northern Ireland ambush, BBC, On this days series (5 January) (Accessed 23 December 2007)
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- Staff. (Accessed 17 May 2009)
- Friedman, New York Times, Sep 20, 21, 26, 27, 1982
- Cobban, Helena (1984), The Palestinian Liberation Organisation: People, Power, and Politics, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521272165 p 73
- Price, Daniel E. (1999). Islamic Political Culture, Democracy, and Human Rights: A Comparative Study. Greenwood Publishing Company, ISBN 9780275961879, p. 68.
- "Among the most notorious attacks was the coastal road massacre in Israel in March 1978. The attack left 35 civilians dead and 80 wounded." Ben Gad, Yitschak. Politics, Lies, and Videotape, Shapolsky Publishers, 1991, ISBN 1561710156, p. 94.
- "1978, March 11. The Coastal Road Massacre" Richard Ernest Dupuy, Trevor Nevitt Dupuy. The Encyclopedia of Military History from 3500 B.C. to the Present, Harper & Row, 1986, ISBN 0061812358, p. 1362.
- "Operation Litani is launched in retaliation for that month's Coastal Road massacre." Gregory S. Mahler. Politics and Government in Israel: The Maturation of a Modern State, Rowman & Littlefield, 2004, ISBN 0742516113, p. 259.
- "So did the Coastal Road massacre of 1978, in which a POLO hijacking of an intercity bus ended with the deaths of thirty-five Israeli hostages." Binyamin Netanyahu. A Durable Peace: Israel and Its Place Among the Nations, Warner Books, 2000, ISBN 0446523062, p. 218.
- El Salvador death squads
- The New York Times > International > Americas > O.A.S. to Reopen Inquiry Into Massacre in El Salvador in 1981
- Yemeni father's school slaughter, The Independent (March 31, 1997)
- Friedman, Thomas L., From Beirut to Jerusalem, (Macmillan, 1991), 76–105.
- Robert Fisk Another war on terror. Another proxy army. Another mysterious massacre. And now, after 19 years, perhaps the truth at last..., The Independent 28 November 2001
- Cilina Nasser. Sharon role in massacre remembered, Al Jazeera, 5 March 2006
- Amal Hamdan Remembering Sabra and Shatila, Al Jazeera, 16 September 2003
- Peru: The killings of Lucanamarca BBC, 09-14-06
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- Rory Carroll. Saddam trial to open with village massacre, the Guardian, June 7, 2005
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- "Judging Dujail (section 3)". Human Rights Watch. November 19, 2006. http://www.hrw.org/en/node/11112/section/3. Retrieved August 18, 2009.
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- Unofficial biography of Alan Garcia. Alan Garcia life and work. Alan Garcia contributions
- Notorious Peruvian School of the Americas Graduates
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- J Bowyer Bell (1997). The Secret Army: The IRA. Piscataway: Transaction Publishers. pp. 702. ISBN 1560009012., "The most dreadful of all the IRA errors came first with the Remembrance Day bombing in Enniskillen in November 1987: the Poppy Day Massacre" (Page 591)
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- Iranian party demands end to repression
- Abrahamian, Ervand, Tortured Confessions, University of California Press, 1999, 209-228
- Abrahamian, Tortured Confessions, (1999), 210
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- CSN warns Americans about the AP's "climb down" on Tiananmen numbers, CSN, 18 May 2004
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- "Graveyard for Disappeared Persons – Statistic for Batticaloa district". http://www.disappearances.org/mainfile.php/frep_sl_ne/78/Cyberspace.
- Hoole, Ranjan (2001). Sri Lanka: The Arrogance of Power : Myths, Decadence & Murder. University Teachers for Human Rights. ISBN 9-5594-4704-1. p.378–397
- Lawrence, Patricia (2001). The Ocean of Stories; Children's Imagination, Creativity, and Reconciliation in Eastern Sri Lanka. International Centre for Ethnic Studies. ISBN 9-5558-0076-6. p.40
- McDermott (edit), Rachel Fell (2008). Encountering Kali: In the Margins, at the Center, in the West. University of California Press. ISBN 0-5202-3240-2. p.121
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- Staff Reporters (15 November 1990). "Hours Of Terror End". Otago Daily Times. pp. 1.
- Aramoana Massacre – nzterritory.com
- Aramoana movie will bring back the tears - Local News – Wairarapa Times-Age
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- A Texas Massacre People.com
- Memories of Luby's massacre in wake of Fort Hood shooting
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- Luby’s Massacre Remains Among Nation’s Worst Mass Shootings
- Croatia massacre trial under way", BBC News, 11 October 2005
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- ICTY Indictment
- New York Times: Serbian Court Finds 14 Guilty in '91 Massacre of Croatians
- Letter from the Charge d'affaires a.i. of the Permanent Mission of Azerbaijan to the United Nations Office
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- Thomas De Waal, Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War, NYU Press, 2004, ISBN 0-8147-1945-7. Chapter 11. August 1991 – May 1992: War Breaks Out.
- TIME Magazine – Tragedy Massacre in Khojaly
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- "'I feared my brother had been killed' – horror of Greysteel massacre recalled". Derry Journal. 2007-02-27. http://www.derryjournal.com/journal/39I-feared-my-brother-had.2081275.jp. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
- "Victims’ relatives criticise MLA". The Irish News. 2007-10-22. http://www.irishnews.com/searchlog.asp?reason=denied_empty&script_name=/pageacc.asp&path_info=/pageacc.asp&tser1=ser&sid=570517. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
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- McDonand, Henry and Cusack, Jim (2004). UDA: Inside The Heart of Loyalist Terror. Penguin Books. pp. 251. ISBN 978-1844880201.
- The Tablet – Inside the mind of terrorists
- Tom Hennigan, Tribe flees to escape contact with world, The Times, May 18, 2005
- James Brooke, Brazil's Outrage Intensifies As Toll in Massacre Hits 73, The New York Times, August 23, 1993
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- Hoffman, Bruce (1999). Insider Terrorism. Columbia University Press. pp. 103. ISBN 978-0231114691.
- "An Anatomy of the Massacres", Ait-Larbi, Ait-Belkacem, Belaid, Nait-Redjam, and Soltani, in An Inquiry into the Algerian Massacres, ed. Bedjaoui, Aroua, and Ait-Larbi, Hoggar: Geneva 1999.
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- "Members of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad Arrested, Charged with Racketeering and Conspiracy to Provide Support to Terrorists", United States Department of Justice, February 20, 2003. "...1995 murder of 22 people in a double suicide bombing at Beit Lid, Israel...".\
- "But after the Beit Lid massacre, the government approved the construction and sale of 4000 units in occupied land around Jerusalem." Beyer, Lisa. "Can Peace Survive", Time, February 06, 1995.
- "When Arafat called Rabin to express his condolences on the Beit Lid massacre, the prime minister was understandably furious." Karsh, Efraim, Arafat's War: The Man and His Battle for Israeli Conquest, Grove Press, 2003, p. 116. ISBN 0802117589
- "The reaction of peace processors in Jerusalem and Washington to the Beit Lid massacre, in which Islamic suicide bombers wiped out a score of Israelis, has been shock, anger, sorrow – but a determination that terrorist attacks not be allowed to stop the peace process." Safire, William. "Essay; Responding to Terror", The New York Times, January 26, 1995.
- "President Ezer Weizman, a super-dove who initially supported the agreement wholeheartedly, called for a temporary suspension of talks following the Beit Lid massacre on January 22 and again after the February 6 killing in Gaza." Bar-Ilan, David. "Rain of terror – Israeli politics", National Review, March 6, 1995, p. 2.
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