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During the Algerian Civil War of the 1990s, a variety of massacres occurred. The Armed Islamic Group (GIA) has avowed its responsibility for many of them, while for others no group has claimed responsibility. In addition to generating a widespread sense of fear, these massacres and the ensuing flight of population have resulted in serious depopulation of the worst-affected areas. The massacres peaked in 1997 (with a smaller peak in 1994), and were particularly concentrated in the areas between Algiers and Oran, with very few occurring in the east or in the Sahara.

This incomplete list currently covers only events in which over 50 civilians or prisoners were killed; the number of smaller massacres which also occurred is far more numerous. It is not necessarily exhaustive, and sources frequently disagree on the number of deaths.

File:Algerian massacres 1997-1998.png

Massacres of over 50 people in 1997-1998

Wilaya of Algiers

Wilaya of Ain-Defla

Wilaya of Batna

Wilayas of Bouira and Blida

Wilaya of Chlef

Wilaya of Medea

Wilaya of M'Sila

Wilaya of Oran

Wilaya of Relizane

  • Wilaya of Relizane massacres, of 30 December 1997, 78-412
    • Khrouba massacre, 176 deaths
    • Sahnoun massacre, 113 deaths
    • El-Abadel massacre, 73 deaths
    • Ouled-Tayeb massacre, 50 deaths
  • Wilaya of Relizane massacres of 4 January 1998, ~1000 deaths
    • Remka massacre, 117 deaths

Wilaya of Saïda

Wilayas of Tiaret and Tissemsilt

Other wilayas

See also


  • "An Anatomy of the Massacres", Ait-Larbi, Ait-Belkacem, Belaid, Nait-Redjam, and Soltani, in An Inquiry into the Algerian Massacres, ed. Bedjaoui, Aroua, and Ait-Larbi, Hoggar: Geneva 1999.

External links

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