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Larisa Arap (Template:Lang-ru; born in 1958) is a Russian opposition activist who became a victim of involuntary commitment in the psychiatric facilities of Murmansk and Apatity, soon after publishing a story about mistreatment of patients in the same hospital where she was committed in July, 2007.[1][2][3][4][5][6] She was released after 46 days of confinement, on August 20, 2007.[7]

Publication

Arap’s story, entitled “Durdom” (“Madhouse”), was prepared by journalist Ilona Novikova and published on June 8, 2007 in the Murmansk edition of the newspaper "Marsh Nesoglasnykh" (named after the "Dissenters' March"). The newspaper is a part of the United Civil Front, an opposition coalition led by former world chess champion Garry Kasparov. Her story described crimes that allegedly took place at the Apatity psychiatric facility, including the following:[8][9][10]

  • Murder of mental patients in order to harvest their organs for transplantation.
  • Forcing children to kiss and massage the legs of staff members at the hospital; children who refused were punished by electroshock 'therapy'.
  • Rape and torture of people in the psychiatric wards.
  • Keeping sane but 'inconvenient' people in the hospital, such as a woman who complained about the rape of her daughter, or another woman who was imprisoned in the Apatity psikhushka to enable confiscation of her property.

Involuntary hospitalization

On July 5, 2007, Arap went to a clinic in the closed city of Severomorsk for the results of a medical examination, which she had passed a month earlier to renew her driver’s license. Doctor Olga Reshet asked her whether she was the author of the "Madhouse" article. After receiving a confirmation from Arap that she was indeed the author, Dr. Reshet told her to wait outside and called militsiya (Russian police), who detained Arap until the arrival of a psychiatric ambulance.[11]

Arap was injected with drugs that caused her tongue to swell, weakened her, and affected her vision and balance, according to her relatives. The detention was illegal, since a decision of a judge authorizing her detention and treatment was issued subsequently, thirteen days later.[1][12][13]

Using her mobile phone, Arap called her husband, Dmitri Tereshin, who came from Murmansk to Severomorsk to help her, but she had already been moved to Murmansk. The personnel of the facility refused to give her husband information regarding the reason for the hospitalization. That same evening, their daughter Taisiya came to the facility with her husband. The duty medic, Yulya Kopyia, told them that publication of the article "Madhouse" proved Arap's insanity. Kopyia also said that Taisiya would be put into the psychiatric hospital, too, if she insisted on obtaining documents relating to Arap's hospitalization. Taisiya was later fired from her job in a local bank for "giving too many interviews about her mother."

Two days later, on July 7, 2007, Arap’s husband and daughter were allowed to visit her at the hospital. Arap claimed that she was severely beaten by the medical personnel and had bruises all over her body. She was tied to her bed and treated with unidentified 'sedatives'. To protest, Arap went on a five-day hunger strike, but she was eventually fed by force.

Court decision

On July 18, 2007, a court in Murmansk sanctioned hospitalization of Arap. The court ignored requests from Arap's husband and daughter to release her. Relatives insisted that she was not a danger to herself or society. Svetlana Lukicheva, Arap's advocate, submitted the complaint to the Regional Court. Arap's husband forwarded the complaint to the regional court and regional health care institutions.

Commission

On July 30, 2007, Vladimir Lukin chose an "expert commission" headed by Yuri Savenko, president of Independent Psychiatric Association, to investigate Arap's hospitalization. According to Yuri Savenko, the forceful hospitalization of Arap was completely unwarranted. At the same time he said that Arap "showed signs of mental instability" and that Arap admitted to being briefly hospitalized for stress and insomnia in 2004. Savenko explained his assessment of the situation as follows: "We studied medical documents and materials related to the case, and spent an hour and a half with her. The result was that we came to the conclusion that we're dealing with a person who is in fact ill. There are no 'politics' behind this. However, the politicization of our entire life is such that these patients become the first victims of the situation.".[14][15] He also said that "We're returning to this Soviet scenario when psychiatric institutions are used as punitive instruments," and added that "I call this not even punitive psychiatry but police psychiatry, when the main aim is to protect the state rather than to treat sick people."[16][17][18]

Release

Arap was released from the hospital on August 20, but she was forced to sign an agreement to continue medical treatment, and wait for the next decision of the court. According to her, she was severely beaten and suffered spine damage in the hospital.[19] She was told by doctors during her release that "Everything in the court is under our control. Doctors, police, and prosecutors are the same team. You have nowhere to go. ... We are letting you go, but you must think about your family."[20]

The decision of court about the involuntary hospitalization of Arap remains in force.

After her release, Arap, who had previously suffered only from mild depression, described her ordeal:

"I feel very sick... I have no idea what they gave me but I have memory loss. I lost all sense of time and can’t remember much of what they did to me. They tied and beat me. It was torture. I saw other perfectly sane people inside." - Arap[21]

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Alexander Podrabinek. We would like to have rights, Novaya Gaseta, 02.08.2007. in Russian: Александр Подрабинек Хотелось бы иметь права. http://www.novayagazeta.ru/data/2007/58/16.html
  2. "Activist held in psychiatric hospital". Washington Times. 2007-07-29. http://www.washingtontimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070729/FOREIGN/107290036/-1/RSS_WORLD?fromrss=1. Retrieved 2007-08-10.[dead link]
  3. Punitive Psychiatry, by Alex Rodriguez, Chicago Tribune, August 12, 2007
  4. Labelled mad for daring to criticise the Kremlin By Adrian Blomfield, The Daily Telegraph 13 August 2007
  5. Russian dissident 'forcibly detained in mental hospital, by Alastair Gee, The Independent 30 July 2007
  6. Russia: Activist Sent To Psychiatric Unit After Exposing Health Facilities By Chloe Arnold, RFE/RL, August 2, 2007
  7. [1] "Psych Clinic Releases Russian Activist." AP wire service, in Salon.com, August 20, 2007. Retrieved August 20, 2007
  8. Ilona Novikova "Madhouse" <(Russian:Илона Новикова. "Дурдом": Рассказ Ларисы Арап о карательной медицине. http://www.kasparov.ru/material.php?id=46ADBD39A306F
  9. Madness or Manipulation? Case of Murmansk Activist Creates International Backlash, by Shaun Walker, August 16, 2007
  10. Putin critic tells of her mental hospital ordeal By Alastair Gee, The Independent, 22 August 2007
  11. The psychiatrist Olga Reshet was the first doctor who initiated hospitalization of Mrs. L. Arap as confirmed by photocopies [2] [3] judgement / 18 07.2007- Murmansk / of the forced hospitalization. Signed "Reshet O" - as the representative of Severomorsk is the second after the signature of Judge Pasechnoy L. G.
  12. Russian: В России : В стране возрождается карательная психиатрия. Молодежное яблоко, пресс-служба, 02.08.2007 http://www.youthyabloko.ru/modules/news/article.php?storyid=475
  13. Larisa Arap Hunger Strike Continues. http://theotherrussia.org/2007/08/08/larisa-arap-hunger-strike-continues/
  14. Russia: Is Coercive Psychology Staging A Comeback? RFE/RL
  15. Активистку оппозиции оставили в психбольнице // BBC, 10 августа 2007. "Она действительно больной человек, но не нуждавшийся в недобровольном стационарном лечении."
  16. Your father's Soviet Union by Chicago Tribune, August 17, 2007
  17. An interview with prominent Russian psychiatrist Yuri Savenko - Part 1, Grigory Pasko, March 25, 2008
  18. Grigory Pasko: You Can't Understand Russia with the Mind, Part 2, Grigory Pasko, March 26, 2008
  19. Arap's story of spinal damage
  20. release info
  21. Times.co.uk 'Putin brings back mental ward torment', by Mark Franchetti (August 26, 2007)

External links

Related

de:Larissa Iwanowna Arap es:Larisa Arap fr:Larissa Arap ru:Госпитализация Ларисы Арап uk:Арап Лариса Іванівна

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