The Lüscher color test is a psychological test invented by Dr. Max Lüscher in Basel, Switzerland. Max Lüscher believed that sensory perception of color is objective and universally shared by all, but that color preferences are subjective, and that this distinction allows subjective states to be objectively measured by using test colors.
Lüscher believed that because the color selections are guided in an unconscious manner, they reveal the person as they really are, not they perceive themselves or would like to be perceived.
The results of the Lüscher-Color-Diagnostic contain indications pertaining to personal assessment and special, professional recommendations as to how psychological stress and the resulting physical symptoms can be avoided. It also offers additional information for verbal and homeopathic therapy.
Proponents of the test claim this method allows a rapid and deep personality analysis from only this color ranking information.
A 1984 comparison of the Lüscher color test and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory found little agreement between the two tests, prompting the authors to urge cautious use of the former. However, further in depth study other than the MMPI would be required before Lüscher's processes are totally disregarded.
Selected papers (English only)
- Adels G. H., Validation of the Luscher-Color-Test as a screening instrument for emotional disturbance in schoolchildren, Diss. Boston University 1978;
- Braum C.M.J., Cross-cultural validity, reliability, and stimulus Personality Assessment, 1979, N.43, 5;
- Holmes, C. B., Buchannan, J. A., Duncan, D. S., Reed, T. The Barnum effect in Lüscher Color Test interpretation. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1986. 42, 133-136.
- Klar H., Opium smokers and the psychological and emotional changes after smoking. Medico, Boehringer Mannheim, 1964, N. 1;
- Klar H., Obesity in the Light of the Colour Test, Riv.Medico, Boehringer Mannheim, 1961, N.3;
- Kopp M. S., Psychophysiological and Personality Characteristics of Juvenile Hypertensive and Duedenal Ulcer Patients, International Journal of Psychophysiology 2, 73-85,1984, Semmelweis University of Medicine POB 370 Budapest,
- Kopp M. S., Koranyi L., Autonomic and Psychologic Correlates in Hypertension and Duodenal Ulcer, Advances in Physiological Sciences, Vol.17, Nr. 41, 178-187, 1982 Semmelweis University of Medicine, POB 370 Budapest;
- Lie N., A prospective-longitudinal study of adolescents: A review of projective methods selected for epidemiological research. Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet, 1979 (Lüscher-Test pp103–123);
- Lie N., Boys who became offenders: A follow up of 2203 boys tested with projective methods. Acta Psych. Scand. (suppl. 342); 1988: 1-122 (Lüscher-Colour-Test pp. 100–103)
- Lie N., Offenders tested with projective methods prior to the first offence. Brit. J Project Psychol. 1994, 39, 23-34;
- Lie N. - Murasasu Dan, Prediction of criminality with the Lüscher Color Test; Is the Lüscher Color Test a possible instrument?, Journal de Medicina Preventiv‚ Vol.4 nr.1/1996, 47 -51;
- Lie N., Haeggernes A., Precriminal personality traits : A 20-year follow-up of boys and girls, who became lawbreakers. Buletin de Pshiatrie Integrativa 1997: 3, 59-68;
- Murarasu D. Cosma M., The Psycho-social Relationships evaluated by Lüscher-Color-Test applied in subjects having predominant neuropsychical tasks. Institut of Medical Research, University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania;
- Schutt D., Perceived Accuracy of Luscher Color Test Interpretation Ratings. California State University Los Angeles, 1999. 1544 Catalina Ave, Pasadena CA 91104-2406, USA