It is the most severe sentence imposed by traditional authorities such as village councils, which also impose lesser sanctions such as fines or public shaming. According to a 2010 New York Times report describing the increasing importance of customary law in Indonesia since 1998, "in a society where the entire cycle of life and religion is tied to ancestral villages, kasepekang is likened to a social and spiritual death sentence."
- Belford, Aubrey (12 October 2010). "Customary Law Revival Neglects Some Balinese". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/13/world/asia/13iht-bali.html. Retrieved 12 October 2010.