IMPORTANT:This page has used Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia in either a refactored, modified, abridged, expanded, built on or 'straight from' text content! (view authors)

Heinz Leymann was born on July 17, 1932 in Wolfenbüttel, Germany. He was a Swedish citizen. He was famous for his studies on mobbing among humans. He had a degree in pedagogical psychology, and another one in psychiatry and worked as a psychologist. He was a professor at Umeå University. He died in 1999 in Stockholm.

Academic background

Leymann, who became a Swedish citizen in the mid-1950s, was awarded his Ph.D. in pedagogical psychology from Stockholm University in 1978.[1] He then went on to get another research doctorate (doktor i medicinsk vetenskap, "doctor of medical science", typically translated into English as Ph.D.) in psychiatry in 1990 from Umeå University.[2] Somewhat unusually, his doctorate in psychiatry was based on his clinical background as a psychologist; he did not go through medical training.[3]

Leymann's work on mobbing

Leymann pioneered research into mobbing in the 1980s. His initial research in the area was based on detailed case studies of a number of nurses who had committed or tried to commit suicide due to events at the workplace.[4]

Although he preferred the term bullying in the context of school children, some have come to regard mobbing as a form of group bullying. As professor and practicing psychologist, Leymann also noted one of the side-effects of mobbing is post-traumatic stress disorder and is frequently misdiagnosed. Among researchers who have built on Leymann's work are Noa Zanolli Davenport,[5] Thomas E. Hecker,[6] Linda Shallcross,[7] Kenneth Westhues[8] and Dieter Zapf.[9]

See also


  1. Leymann, Heinz, Kan arbetslivet demokratiseras?: om vikten av att se demokratiseringen som en inlärningsprocess = [Is democracy on the job possible?] : [the significance of the learning process underlying democratic participation], Pedagogiska inst., Stockholms univ., Diss. Stockholm : Univ.,Stockholm, 1978 - LIBRIS record
  2. Leymann, Heinz, Psychological reactions to violence in working life: bank robberies, Umeå, 1990 (Umeå University medical dissertations, 0346-6612 ; N.S., 289) - LIBRIS record
  3. The Mobbing Encyclopaedia: A presentation of Professor Heinz Leymann, PhD, MD sci, accessed 2010-06-07
  4. Maciej Zaremba, Fritt fram i Sverige. Men brottsligt i Frankrike, Dagens Nyheter 2010-06-03 Template:Sv icon
  5. Mobbing: Emotional Abuse in the American Workplace Davenport, Noa Zanolli, Ruth Distler Schwartz, Gail Pursell Elliott 1999. Mobbing: Emotional Abuse in the American Workplace. Ames, Iowa: Civil Society Publishing
  6. "Workplace Mobbing: A Discussion for Librarians" Hecker, Thomas E. 2007. "Workplace Mobbing: a Discussion for Librarians." Journal of Academic Librarianship. 33:4, pp.439-445
  7. "Workplace Mobbing: Expulsion, Exclusion, and Transformation Shallcross, L., Ramsay, S., & Barker, M., (2008) Workplace Mobbing: Expulsion, Exclusion, and Transformation, (blind peer reviewed) Australia and New Zealand Academy of Management Conference (ANZAM)
  8. Eliminating Professors: A Guide to the Dismissal Process Westhues,Kenneth. Eliminating Professors: A Guide to the Dismissal Process. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press.
    The Envy of Excellence: Administrative Mobbing of High-Achieving Professors Westhues, Kenneth 2004. The Envy of Excellence: Administrative Mobbing of High-Achieving Professors. Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press.]
    "At the Mercy of the Mob" Westhues, Kenneth 2002. "At the Mercy of the Mob". OHS Canada, Canada's Occupational Health & Safety Magazine (18:8), pp.30-36.
  9. Zapf, Dieter and Stale Einarsen 2005 "Mobbing at Work: Escalated Conflicts in Organizations." Counterproductive Work Behavior: Investigations of Actors and Targets. Fox, Suzy & Spector, Paul E. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association vii. p.

External links

de:Heinz Leymann es:Heinz Leymann fr:Heinz Leymann sv:Heinz Leymann

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.