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Frank Lewis Marsh (18 October 1899, Aledo, Illinois - 1992) was an American biologist, educator and creationist author. In 1963 he was one of the ten founding members of the Creation Research Society along with more well-known creationists such as Henry M. Morris and Duane Gish. His papers are kept at Andrews University[1], from which Marsh gained a B.A. in 1927 and a B.S in 1929 at what was then Emmanuel Missionary College.


In his youth, Marsh desired to become a physician, but lacked the financial means so became first a nurse, then a teacher instead. He studied geology at Emmanuel Missionary College under George McCready Price, whose protégé he became. While teaching at an Seventh-day Adventist school in the Chicago area Marsh studied advanced biology at the University of Chicago and in 1935 obtained an M.S. in zoology from Northwestern University. He joined the faculty of Union College in Lincoln, Nebraska, later completing a PhD in botany at the University of Nebraska in 1940.[2]

In his book Fundamental Biology (self-published, 1941) Marsh described himself as a "fundamentalist scientist". He argued that modern human races are degenerate forms of first created man and warned that the living world is the scene of a cosmic struggle between the Creator and Satan. Marsh claimed that Satan is a "master geneticist" and speculated that almagamation and hybridization are his ways of destroying the original harmony and perfection among living things. Marsh viewed the black skin of Negroes as one the "abnormalities" engineered in this diabolical way.[3]

In Fundamental Biology Marsh coined the term baramin for the Genesis "kind",[4] although in Evolution, Creation and Science (1944) Marsh asserted that mankind is the only sure example of a baramin. In the same work Marsh claimed that both creation and evolution are testable and falsifiable; that special creation requires less faith to believe in than organic evolution and that a global flood produced most or all of the geological record.[citation needed]

In Evolution or Special Creation? (1947) Marsh argued for the scientific accuracy of the Bible and concluded: "surely the time is ripe for a return to the fundamentals of true science, the science of creationism". From the publication of this work onward Marsh avoided mentioning Ellen G. White, co-founder of Seventh-day Adventism, as he believed such references would repel non-Adventist readers.[5]

In his book Variation and Fixity in Nature (1976) Marsh insisted that all of the evidence for evolution is only evidence for microevolution. He also developed the hypothesis that baramins are defined by ability to hybidize and claimed that the most basic and well-demonstrated of biological principles is that of limitation of variation.[citation needed] Marsh concluded finally that "The Bible knows nothing about organic evolution. It regards the origin of man by special creation as a historical fact... In view of the subjectivity of the evidence upon which a decision on the matter of origins must be made, creationism and evolutionism should be respected as alternate viewpoints".[6]

Marsh died in 1992.

See also


  1. Frank Lewis Marsh Papers
  2. Numbers(2006) pp148-149
  3. Lustig et al.(2004) p92
  4. Numbers(2006) p150, f28 pp480-481
  5. Lustig et al.(2004) p93
  6. McIver(1988) p166


  • Lustig, Abigail, Richards, Robert J. and Ruse, Michael (Eds.). (2004). Darwinian Heresies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-81516-9
  • Numbers, Ronald (November 30, 2006). The Creationists: From Scientific Creationism to Intelligent Design, Expanded Edition. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674023390.
  • McIver, Tom (1988). Anti-Evolution: A Reader's Guide to Writings Before and After Darwin. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-4520-3

Further reading

  • Numbers, Ronald L. (Ed.) (1994). The Early Writings of Harold W. Clark and Frank Lewis Marsh (Creationism in Twentieth-Century America, Vol 8). Garland Publishing. ISBN 0-8153-1809-X

External links

fi:Frank Lewis Marsh sv:Frank Lewis Marsh

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