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Ethnic violence (also known as ethnic terrorism or ethnically-motivated terrorism) refers to violence that is predominantly framed rhetorically by causes and issues related to ethnic hatred, though ethnic violence is more commonly related to political violence, and often the terms are interchangeable in a local context where reference to ethnicity is considered minimal or improper.
"Racist terrorism" is a form of ethnic violence which is typically dominated by overt forms of racism and xenophobic reactionism. This form typically involves attacks on minorities, and hold an association with right-wing extremism.
Violent ethnic rivalry is the subject matter of Jewish sociologist Ludwig Gumplowicz's Der Rassenkampf ("Struggle of the Races", 1909), and more recently of Amy Chua's notable study, World On Fire: How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability and Kevin B. MacDonald's controversial works on the Darwinian-evolutionary politics of Judaism.
- Combat 18, United Kingdom
- The Order, United States
- Ku Klux Klan, United States
- Hammerskins, International
- Serb Paramilitary groups i.e. Arkan's White tigers and many more
- The Croatian Ustaše headed by Ante Pavelić
- APLA, South Africa
- Death Angels, United States
- Don Black (nationalist) and Operation Red Dog
- Cronulla Race Riots in Sydney, 2005
- 2006 Moscow market bombing, Russia
- Riots in Kondopoga, Karelia, Russia in 2006
- The Hedvig Malina-case
- The Dashnaks, EOKA and Czarist Russia
- Coordinadora Arauco Malleco (CAM), mapuche terrorist group
- Zionist political violence