An entitlement is a guarantee of access to benefits based on established rights or by legislation. A "right" is itself an entitlement associated with a moral or social principle, such that an "entitlement" is a provision made in accordance with legal framework of a society. Typically, entitlements are laws based on concepts of principle ("rights") which are themselves based in concepts of social equality or enfranchisement.
In a casual sense, the term "entitlement" refers to a notion or belief that one (or oneself) is deserving of some particular reward or benefit—if given without deeper legal or principled cause, the term is often given with pejorative connotation (e.g. a "sense of entitlement").
As a legal term, entitlement carries no value judgment: it simply denotes a right granted.
In Land Development, the Entitlement Process is the legal method of obtaining approvals for the right to develop property for a desired use (e.g. rezoning).
In computer security, entitlement can also refer to access control.
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