Drum is the 1976 sequel to the movie Mandingo, and released by United Artists. Starring Warren Oates, Pam Grier, and Ken Norton and directed by Steve Carver, it parodies nineteenth century American slavery like its predecessor. It became popular among black audiences at grindhouses due to a scene in which a slave literally tears out the testicles of a white slave driver. Like Mandingo, Drum was based on the Kyle Onstott novel. Originally, it was to be directed by Burt Kennedy, but he was fired in the wake of creative differences: the film's print made use of material filmed by both Kennedy and Carver.