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The Council of London in 1102 was a Roman Catholic church council of the church in England convened by Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, to debate and pass decrees to reform the clergy.[1] The council made several decisions, including confirming homosexuality as a sin in the English and wider church,[2] and for condemning the slave trade that was occurring at the time.[3] Those present included John of Tours and Roger, the latter being elected to the see of Hereford by the council.


  1. Smith "John of Tours" Downside Review p. 140
  2. (Boswell, 1981) p.215 states "The Council of London of 1102 ... insisted that in future sodomy be confessed as a sin."
  3. Pijper, Frederik (1909). "The Christian Church and Slavery in the Middle Ages". The American Historical Review (American Historical Association) 14 (4): 681. Template:JSTOR.


  • Smith, R. A. L., 'John of Tours, Bishop of Bath 1088-1122', in Downside Review vol. 70 (1942) pp. 132–141
  • Boswell, John (1981). Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226067114

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