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The word corrupt (Middle English, from Latin corruptus, past participle of corrumpere, to destroy : com-, intensive pref. and rumpere, to break) when used as an adjective literally means "utterly broken".[1] In modern English usage the words corruption and corrupt have many meanings:

  • Political corruption, the abuse of public power, office, or resources by government officials or employees for personal gain, e.g. by extortion, soliciting or offering bribes[2]
  • Police corruption, a specific form of police misconduct designed to obtain financial benefits, other personal gain, and/or career advancement for a police officer or officers in exchange for not pursuing, or selectively pursuing, an investigation or arrest
  • Corporate corruption, corporate criminality and the abuse of power by corporation officials, either internally or externally
  • Corruption (philosophical concept), often refers to spiritual or moral impurity, or deviation from an ideal
  • Corruption Perceptions Index, published yearly by Transparency International
  • Putrefaction, the natural process of decomposition in the human and animal body following death
  • Data corruption, an unintended change to data in storage or in transit
  • Linguistic corruption, the change in meaning to a language or a text introduced by cumulative errors in transcription as changes in the language speakers' comprehension
  • Bribery in politics, business, or sport
  • Rule of law, governmental corruption of judiciary, includes governmental spending on the courts, which is completely financially controlled by the executive in many transitional and developing countries

Institutions dealing with political corruption

Entertainment with corruption themes

See also

  • Collusion, an agreement between two or more persons, sometimes illegal and therefore secretive, to limit open competition by deceiving, misleading, or defrauding others of their legal rights, or to obtain an objective forbidden by law typically by defrauding or gaining an unfair advantage
  • Corruption by country, varies in different countries
  • Constitutional economics, a research program in economics and constitutionalism that has been described as extending beyond the definition of 'the economic analysis of constitutional law' in explaining the choice "of alternative sets of legal-institutional-constitutional rules that constrain the choices and activities of economic and political agents
  • Civil society, composed of the totality of voluntary civic and social organizations and institutions that form the basis of a functioning society, as distinct from the force-backed structures of a state (regardless of that state's political system) and commercial institutions of the market
  • Independence of the judiciary, the idea that the judiciary needs to be kept away from the other branches of government


External links

  1. Reducing corruption in public governance : Rhetoric to reality
  2. Prevention: An Effective Tool to Reduce Corruption
  3. Reducing corruption at the local level
  4. Corrupt Cities : A Practical Guide to Cure and Prevention (162 pages
  5. Corruption through the programme cycle by TI
  6. Understanding and preventing police corruption : Lessons from the literature

ar:فساد (توضيح) es:Corrupción fr:Corruption (homonymie) hi:भ्रष्टाचार pt:Corrupção

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