CIRCAMP is an abbreviation for Cospol Internet Related Child Abusive Material Project. CIRCAMP is one of many COSPOL (Comprehensive Operational Strategic Planning for the Police) projects aimed at combating borderless or multinational crime in Europe. COSPOL is initiated by the EPCTF (European Chief of Police Task Force), a council of the national heads of police in Europe.
CIRCAMP has 14 national police forces as members, in addition to analytical and operational support from Europol and Interpol. CIRCAMP is co-funded by the European Commission EC Safer Internet Programme.
The countries included as members are:
- Driver/Project manager: Norway
- Co-driver: UK
- Members: Ireland, France, Sweden, Italy, Finland, Belgium, Spain, Malta, Denmark, The Netherlands, Poland and Germany
One of the major ongoing tasks within CIRCAMP is the implementation and further spread of CSAADF, The Child Sexual Abuse Anti Distribution Filter. This is an access blocking methodology targeting web domains, and web domains only, disseminating child sexual abusive files.
The primary aims of domain based filtering and displaying a STOP page on the computer or mobile device of an Internet user accessing a web site with child abuse content are:
- To prevent the re-victimization of those children who are or have been the victim of abuse
- To prevent accidental access to this illegal and harmful content by the public
- To prevent deliberate access to child abuse material on the Internet
- To reduce the customer base of these illegal websites with the assistance of participating Internet Service Providers ISP
Evaluating sites for CSAADF
The police in all the participating countries that have an access blocking system in place evaluate the content of websites found in investigations, exchanged with other law enforcement agencies or received as tips from hotlines against the national legislation. If found to be illegal to download, possess or distribute in said country, add the domain or URL to their list of blocked addresses. The ISPs will then, either by agreement with the police or obligated by law, redirect the traffic to another server and display a STOP page. This STOP page will explain the reason for the redirection of traffic, give links to legislation and ways to contact the police and contest the blocking.
The access blocking of child sexual abusive websites is purely preventive and no investigations against persons are started as a result of redirected Internet traffic, nor is any identifiable information about the Internet user stored.
Although CIRCAMP is a European/Europol police project, they are also cooperating with countries outside of the EU, such as Norway, Switzerland and New Zealand. The international nature of the Internet demands that any policing have an international approach, while still in accordance with national legislation.
CIRCAMP is also cooperating in cross border commercial exploitation of children in more traditional investigations, and are planning to initiate international investigations against commercial procurers of such material with the aim of blocking the payment possibilities and investigating the persons within these organizations.