|This article needs additional citations for verification.|
Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2010)
A baton charge is a coordinated tactic for dispersing violent crowds of people, usually used by police or military during public order situations. In certain countries, police are not authorised to use the tactic unless no other means can be practiced.
The tactic involves police officers charging at a crowd of people with batons and in some cases, riot shields. They run at the crowd hitting pre-designated targets with their batons, and in some situations use riotshields to push them away. Baton charging is designed to cause the maximum amount of pain, in the hope that they would be compelled to move away from the scene, dispersing the crowd.
As a general practice, police often only use the tactic on violent groups of people. In most cases, police would strike the arms or legs, avoiding the head and vital organs unless the offender presented an immediate threat to life, justifying the strike. Usually, those struck during the charge are allowed to escape to prevent serious injury, and are not chased while being hit.
In India, a baton would often be referred to as a lathi. Some Indian police forces use lathis around 5 ft long, but in other places lathis are shorter. The term "lathi charge" is used by the Indian media more commonly than "baton charge". The lathi drill is taught to all Indian police recruits. The tactic is controversial among human rights campaigners due to the violence involved.