Up to 80,000 ethnic Chinese lived in Batavia in the early 18th century.
The cause of this pogrom was the fear in the highest ranks of the Dutch East India Company prevailed for some time that the continuous uprising unemployed Chinese workers on the sugar plantations in the districts of Batavia might spread to large groups of more affluent and better-organized Chinese traders and artisans within the walls of the city.
Most accounts of the massacre estimate that 10,000 people were killed within Batavia's city walls. Ultimately, only 3,000 Chinese around the city survived the extermination.
- Blussé, Leonard (1981), "Batavia, 1619–1740: The Rise and Fall of a Chinese Colonial Town", Journal of Southeast Asian Studies (Cambridge University Press) 12 (1): 159–178, ISSN 0022-4634.
- Heidhues, Mary Somers (2009), "1740 and the Chinese Massacre in Batavia: Some German Eyewitness Accounts", Archipel 77: 117–147, ISSN 0044-8613.
- Kemasang, A. R. T. (1982), "The 1740 Massacre of Chinese in Java: Curtain Raiser for the Dutch Plantation Economy", Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars (Committee of Concerned Asian Scholars) 14: 61–71, ISSN 0007-4810.